Taylorism


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Taylorism

the methods of scientific factory management first introduced in the early 19th century by the American engineer Frederick W. Taylor, especially the differential piece-rate system.
See also: Work
Translations
Taylorismus
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References in periodicals archive ?
As the philosopher Byung-Chul Han argues Digital Taylorism, splitting interesting jobs into tasks of mind-robbing monotony threatens to degrade almost every form of labour.
Alienation, that familiar specter of Taylorism, thus shaped the working lives of the individuals in Korczynski's study.
It also didn't hurt that Taylorism put people like themselves--the enlightened experts or "industrial statesmen," as The New Republics co-founder Herbert Croly put it--in positions of authority.
But our social and political institutions, inherited from a period of Taylorism, mass consumption and catching-up development are ill-suited to meet these new challenges.
Amazon's shop-floor processes are an extreme variant of Taylorism that Frederick Winslow Taylor himself, a near century after his death, would have no trouble recognizing.
Initially, Taylorism was hailed as a progressive force that would free workers from the whim of autocratic bosses and benefit all.
Due to a combination of inter-related features, including the exhaustion of the productivity-realising potential of mechanised Taylorism in lead sectors (De Vroey, 1984), the resistance of workers to intensified exploitation and job fragmentation (Braverman, 1974; Aglietta, 1979), the internationalisation of production (Ivanova, 2011), the erosion of US hegemony, the 1970s oil shock and the crisis of the post-War Bretton Woods financial institutions (De Vroey, 1984), Fordist countries began to run into serious, and ultimately insurmountable, obstacles from the early 1970s onwards.
Kara Reilly's essay "The Tiller Girls: Mass Ornament and Modern Girl" interestingly places their dance and cultural significance within the context of the Taylorism of factory economy and production processes and the militaristic routine and training of mechanistic repetition.
Taylorism, the gospel of so-called scientific management, was employed first in factories, then by railroad companies.
At the LMS, Lemon had introduced the principles of Taylorism across the organisation to increase labour productivity.
The introduction of Taylorism in the plants not only accelerated the pace of work, but also instituted work rules that mimic Detroit's auto plants.