Taylorism


Also found in: Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Taylorism

the methods of scientific factory management first introduced in the early 19th century by the American engineer Frederick W. Taylor, especially the differential piece-rate system.
See also: Work
Translations
Taylorismus
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This "knowledge Taylorism," some say, will reshape the workplace, moving jobs that require limited reasoning into the hands of machines and making them partners with the humans who remain to process more difficult tasks (Brynjolfsson and McAfee 2016).
Fordism Taylorism was the dominant paradigm of the 20th century and rested upon three major pillars.
Taylorism, a managerial philosophy of "scientific" efficiency in production, guided companies in trying to make the most of space and their workers' labor.
Building has been infected by Taylorism. Taylorism is associated in most people's minds with the Fordist production line.
Reporting findings from a knowledge synthesis that looked at the impact of machine-learning algorithms and digital taylorism on the creative economy, Altass and Wiebe (2017) make the case that education should foreground "uniquely human skills" (p.
As the philosopher Byung-Chul Han argues Digital Taylorism, splitting interesting jobs into tasks of mind-robbing monotony threatens to degrade almost every form of labour.
We can condense them as follows: "The incorporation of the rational scientific management system of the factory known as Taylorism into domestic work may reduce the burden on homemakers and improve family life, in particular, their health and nutrition." Through a critical review of various studies on home economics in the USA (Fujiwara, 2016; Goldstein, 2012; Leavitt, 2002; Shapiro, 1995; Kashiwagi, 1995; Cowan, 1983), we have determined that Taylorism is the fundamental concept underpinning the American manifestation of the Life Improvement Approach.
His more direct inspiration, however, is "Italian workerism." Rooted in twentieth-century efforts to understand the effects of Taylorism and other emerging forms of control in Italian factories, this tradition seeks to illuminate the experience of work from workers' own perspective and to reveal the basis for new forms of organization.
Data management and analysis continue the objectives of Taylorism by bringing new forms of governance and control.
"Over time" they write, "Taylorism became synonymous with the evils of extracting maximum value from workers while treating them as programmable cogs in machines"--leading to labor strife.
Alienation, that familiar specter of Taylorism, thus shaped the working lives of the individuals in Korczynski's study.