About 10 BN Maori graduates walked with whanau and teachers to their graduation ceremony at Porirua's Te Rauparaha
Arena early this month, after being advised a few days earlier there would be no formal procession this year.
The original "Ka mate" haka was composed in the early 19th Century by a Maori warrior chief called Te Rauparaha
's haka, Ka mate, Ka mate, had become the best-known haka of the twentieth century and adopted by the national rugby team the All Blacks.
Even the arrest of Te Rauparaha
is considered a wrong, with an apology from the Crown.
Most compelling in his portrayal of the Ngati Toa chief Te Rauparaha
, Clayton writes Maori not as victims of early colonisation, but as artful agitators in their own right, motivated by their own form of imperialism.
Traditional stronghold of the Ngati Toa tribe's famous chief Te Rauparaha
, the island has been used historically as a whaling station, sheep farm, war training-ground, and trading port.
Hamish is 14 years old, extremely intelligent but lives in a fantasy world of his heroes; Alexander the Great, Te Rauparaha
and Charles Upham.
LEGEND has it that the dance, known as the Haka, was composed in 1820 by Maori warrior chief Te Rauparaha
Ngati Toa on North Island.
THE Haka - the chant of chief Te Rauparaha
who escaped ambush by hiding in a pit - goes:
Another complication of the land deals on the South Island proceeded from the role played by immigrant Maori groups, particularly the North Island Ngati Toa led by chief Te Rauparaha
, who had defeated local tribal groups in battle, conquered their territory and occupied it for various lengths of time.
According to her iwi she was a niece of Te Rauparaha
and also his military strategist.