pneumothorax

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Related to Tension pneumothorax: flail chest, open pneumothorax

pneu·mo·tho·rax

 (no͞o′mō-thôr′ăks′, nyo͞o′-)
n.
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity, occurring as a result of disease or injury, or sometimes induced to collapse the lung in the treatment of tuberculosis and other lung diseases.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pneumothorax

(ˌnjuːməʊˈθɔːræks)
n
1. (Pathology) the abnormal presence of air between the lung and the wall of the chest (pleural cavity), resulting in collapse of the lung
2. (Medicine) med the introduction of air into the pleural cavity to collapse the lung: a former treatment for tuberculosis
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pneu•mo•tho•rax

(ˌnu məˈθɔr æks, -ˈθoʊr-, ˌnyu-)

n.
the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity.
[1815–25]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pneumothorax - abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

pneumothorax

[ˌnjuːməʊˈθɔːræks] npneumotorace m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

pneu·mo·thor·ax

n. neumotórax, acumulación de aire o gas en la cavidad pleural que resulta en colapso del pulmón afectado;
spontaneous ______ espontáneo;
tension ______ por tensión.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pneumothorax

n neumotórax m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intraoperative bilateral tension pneumothorax in a patient undergoing breast augmentation surgery with general anesthesia.
Isolated pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema is reported in almost all cases with a good prognosis and an uneventful recovery on conservative management, however in a few cases before 1900 and in cases with tension pneumothorax, complications with mortality have been reported.2 Although the exact etiology has not been delineated but certain preventive measures in literature have been suggested to reduce its occurrence, such as use to epidural analgesia to reduce excessive straining and screaming and avoiding the use of Entonox3 as it increases air entry into the alveoli.
Our case is unique because the rupture of the aspergilloma cavity itself resulted in a tension pneumothorax with massive subcutaneous and life-threatening emphysema.
Any potential advantage to a larger bore drain in pneumothorax management is likely to relate to lack of blockage, which may be relevant in patients at risk of tension pneumothorax in which this is a priority, and those with large air leaks.
Patrick et al., "Improvement in the prehospital recognition of tension pneumothorax: The effect of a change to paramedic guidelines and education," Injury, vol.
Since these patients already have poor oxygen reserve, emergent tube thoracostomy may be indicated to help prevent impending tension pneumothorax or cardiovascular collapse [1].
Treatment of tension pneumothorax caused by traumatic chest injury - a condition that can be fatal if not treated at the point of injury - is one example that highlights the need for a gender accurate simulator.
Although a normal result does not rule out airway involvement, it is a helpful tool in situations that may cause acute asphyxia, including mediastinal emphysema, tension pneumothorax or hemothorax, as well as other injuries such as rib fractures and subcutaneous emphysema (7).
Pneumothorax occupying the right hemithorax (white arrow) is evident, and a slight mediastinal shift towards the left suggests a tension pneumothorax.
Rupani, "Left tension pneumothorax mimicking myocardial ischemia after percutaneous central venous cannulation," Anesthesiology, vol.
Mechanical ventilation probably caused alveolar wall stretching and rupture producing tension pneumothorax. Rupture of localized cystic lesion in the left lower lobe may have contributed to the tension pneumothorax and air under pressure may have travelled along the normal anatomical openings in the diaphragm, that is, aortic, inferior vena caval, and esophageal openings into the peritoneal cavity producing pneumoperitoneum.