puncheon

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Related to Tertian (unit): quartan

pun·cheon 1

 (pŭn′chən)
n.
1. A short wooden upright used in structural framing.
2.
a. A piece of broad, heavy, roughly dressed timber with one face finished flat.
b. A walkway over wet ground made by laying planks or dressed timbers over sills set directly on the ground.
c. A short low bridge of similar construction. Also called puncheon bridge.
3. A punching, perforating, or stamping tool, especially one used by a goldsmith.

[Middle English punchoun, from Anglo-Norman ponchon, punching or piercing tool, piercing weapon, vertical strut, from Vulgar Latin *pūnctiō, pūnctiōn-, from *pūnctiāre, to pierce, from Latin pūnctus, past participle of pungere, to prick; see peuk- in Indo-European roots.]

pun·cheon 2

 (pŭn′chən)
n.
1. A cask with a capacity of from 72 to 120 gallons (273 to 454 liters).
2. The amount of liquid contained in a puncheon.

[Middle English punchoun, from Anglo-Norman ponchon, punching tool, cask (probably because the casks were inspected and marked with a punch); see puncheon1.]

puncheon

(ˈpʌntʃən)
n
1. (Units) a large cask of variable capacity, usually between 70 and 120 gallons
2. (Units) the volume of such a cask used as a liquid measure
[C15 poncion, from Old French ponchon, of uncertain origin]

puncheon

(ˈpʌntʃən)
n
1. (Building) a short wooden post that is used as a vertical strut
2. (Tools) a less common name for punch21
[C14 ponson, from Old French ponçon, from Latin punctiō a puncture, from pungere to prick]

pun•cheon1

(ˈpʌn tʃən)

n.
1. a large cask of varying capacity, often 80 gallons (304 liters).
2. the volume of such a cask, used as a measure.
[1425–75; Middle English ponchoun, punchon < Middle French ponçon]

pun•cheon2

(ˈpʌn tʃən)

n.
1. a heavy slab of roughly dressed timber for use as a floorboard.
2. a short, upright framing timber.
3. any of various pointed instruments or stamping tools used by goldsmiths; punch.
[1325–75; Middle English ponson, punçon, ponchoun < Middle French ponçon < Latin pūnctiōnem, acc. of pūnctiō pricking =pung(ere) to prick (compare point)]