Li, 1999: Industrial emissions of trichloroethene, tetrachloroethene
, and dichloromethane: Reactive chlorine emissions inventory.
Perchloroethylene is also known as tetrachloroethylene and tetrachloroethene
and abbreviated as PERC.
The site groundwater had been found to contain tetrachloroethene
, a manufactured chemical that is widely used in the dry-cleaning of fabrics, including clothes.
Possible replacements for these solvents include dichloromethane, pentane, n-hexane, tetrachloroethene
, and carbon tetrachloride [11, 13, 59].
investigated a Dehalococcoides-dominated enrichment culture (designated "YN3") that dechlorinates tetrachloroethene
(PCE) to nontoxic ethene (ETH) with high dechlorination activity.
Years of industrial activity from multiple source areas (e.g., former oil refineries, dry cleaning operations, manufacturing facilities, and grain elevators) resulted in volatile organic compounds (e.g., tetrachloroethene
, trichloroethene, and petroleum-related compounds) contaminating the soil and groundwater.
Neurobehavioral and neurophysiological outcome of chronic low-level tetrachloroethene
exposure measured in neighborhoods of dry cleaning shops.
was chosen as a model substance for the development process.
Clair Town, D Detonate dumped into Tubmill PA creek while drilling Appomattox, VA E Explosion - massive fireball destroyed 2 homes and injured 5 people Avella, PA E Wastewater impoundment exploded arsenic and Tetrachloroethene
Bridgeville PA E Two homes explode when well casing fails Bridgeville PA E Homes exploded when casing failed Clark, Wyoming E Well blowout released benzene & chemicals into aquifers Dish, Texas E 11 compressors spewed carcinogenic pollutants into the air Hopewell Twn PA E Impoundment exploded Killdeer, ND E Blowout leaking 246 bbl.
Like many chlorinated hydrocarbons, tetrachloroethene
is a central nervous system depressant and can enter the body through the skin, or by inhalation.
Nijenhuis I, Andert J, Beck K, Kastner M, Diekert G, Riehnow H (2005) Stable isotope fraction of tetrachloroethene
during reductive dechlorination by Sulfurospirillum multivorans and Desulfitobacterium sp.