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 (tĕt′rärk′, tē′trärk′)
a. A subordinate ruler.
b. One of four joint rulers.
2. A governor of one of four divisions of a country or province, especially in the ancient Roman Empire.
3. The commander of a subdivision of a phalanx in ancient Greece.

[Middle English tetrarche, a Roman tetrarch, from Old French, from Late Latin tetrarcha, from Latin tetrarchēs, from Greek tetrarkhēs : tetra-, tetra- + -arkhēs, -arch.]

te·trar′chic (tĕ-trär′kĭk, tē-) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the ruler of one fourth of a country
2. (Historical Terms) a subordinate ruler, esp of Syria under the Roman Empire
3. (Historical Terms) the commander of one of the smaller subdivisions of a Macedonian phalanx
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of four joint rulers
[C14: from Greek tetrarkhēs; see tetra-, -arch]
tetrarchate n
teˈtrarchic, teˈtrarchical adj
ˈtetrarchy n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɛ trɑrk, ˈti-)

1. the ruler of a fourth part, division, etc., as of a country or province in the Roman Empire.
2. a subordinate ruler or minor king, esp. in W Asia under the Roman Empire.
3. one of four joint rulers or chiefs.
[1350–1400; Middle English tetrarcha, tetrarke < Late Latin tetrarcha, Latin tetrarchēs < Greek tetrárchēs. See tetra-, -arch]
te′trar•chy, te′trarch•ate` (-ˌkeɪt) n.
te•trar′chic, te•trar′chi•cal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Plain thou now appear'st That Evil One, Satan for ever damned." To whom the Fiend, with fear abashed, replied:-- "Be not so sore offended, Son of God-- Though Sons of God both Angels are and Men-- If I, to try whether in higher sort Than these thou bear'st that title, have proposed What both from Men and Angels I receive, Tetrarchs of Fire, Air, Flood, and on the Earth Nations besides from all the quartered winds-- God of this World invoked, and World beneath.
Van Dam also discusses the ways Diocletian and the Tetrarchs promoted Roman imperial unity through the hegemonic use of Latin in their administration of the East.
Van Dam does an excellent job of analyzing the political theology of the Tetrarchs, showing how Diocletian's new imperial model was based on a tension between rhetorics of hierarchy and concord.
Being prepared for the 'Tetrarchs' at the Curragh as a stepping-stone to the Entenmanns Irish 2,000 Guineas.
Examples of such art are heavily symbolic, because, in reality, the four Tetrarchs rarely saw each other.
All the Tetrarchs are nimbate and wear the imperial purple.
The internal hierarchy of the Tetrarchs corresponds closely to the gradation according to rank upon which military units are organized.
Many of the extant busts of the Tetrarchs are also in the harsh, angular style which so dominated the coinage.(18) A portrait of Licinius (?) at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, has highly stylized, short-cropped hair and beard, pronounced, linear eyebrows and wrinkles, and eyes with a piercing stare (plate 6).
Confirmation of the Tetrarchs' desire to achieve group identity may be found in diverse sculptural programmes.
The legs of the emperors are squat and compressed, yet the arms of the two left-hand Tetrarchs are outsize in order to reach across to the left shoulder of the companion Tetrarch without affecting the groups' frontality or obscuring vision.
The colorplates are of good quality, though the choice of the porphyry portrait of the Tetrarchs in detail is questionable.
nicelysincewinningthe Tetrarch. Hehastoimproveandneedsto provehimselfinthehighergrade, but he's a very nice colt who seemstobegoingtherightway .