the temporal structure of trisyllabic, tetrasyllabic
and pentasyllabic words has not been thoroughly analysed in previous research.
This single tetrasyllabic
couplet opens up the possibility that the original work was in multiple sections in varying meters, and that the surviving text mostly belongs to just one of these sections.
But unlike the other two forms, adesa and Tamese, *klainisojan was a tetrasyllabic
word in which, in all probability, the syllable with long [o:] received a secondary stress and thus the preceding <s> would be articulated as voiced, a phenomenon resembling the operation of Verner's Law (cf.
The acoustic signature of the generative tetrasyllabic
group in the first line (Labe employs the standard 4//6 decasyllable throughout) is /t/, /o/, and this distinctive employment of acoustic signature in the initial hemistichs is a characteristic of the quatrain as a whole: /l/ in line 2, /R/, /i/, /s/ in line 3, and /v/, /a/ in line 4.
Namely, secondary-stressed feet in tetrasyllabic
words with a short open first syllable and a half-long second syllable vowel (e.
Eleven of the forty-one participants left us with at least two poems each, one in pentasyllabic and another in tetrasyllabic
Grade alternation of secondary-stressed syllables in nouns includes trisyllabic forms in Q3, and tetrasyllabic
forms where the secondary-stressed syllable is in different cases in different quantities, e.
54) This densely rhymed, tetrasyllabic
text of more than 600 characters not only shows the same measure of graphic fluidity as the Odes quotations in early manuscripts.
Lehiste (1968), however, showed by analysing the speech of a North Estonian informant that the vowel in the second syllable undergoes lengthening also in trisyllabic and tetrasyllabic
words (in a disyllabic word V2/V1 = 1.
It is interesting that the Qin tetrasyllabic
inscriptions are transcribed in the extant Shiji using [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] for [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] for [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], which destroys the prosodic balance of the line; Shiji 1959: 6.
pronunciation in tetrasyllabic
words can be explained by the fact that if the number of syllables is counted from the secondary stress, tetrasyllabic
words have the same structure as disyllabic words.
4) Ad Dudink has argued persuasively that only five of these are authentic; (5) these are tetrasyllabic
poems of the type known in Chinese as tsan [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (also [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) or "eulogies" (see below).