The last half of the 19th century witnessed the pontification of Pope Pius IX (1846-78), the publication of Wilhelm Marr's "Jewry's Victory over Teutonism
" (1873), the assassination of Czar Alexander II (1881) and the Alfred Dreyfus case (1894).
For explorations of a specifically Scottish 'Teutonism
' and increasingly evangelical imperial Protestantism see Colin Kidd, 'Sentiment, race and revival: Scottish identities in the aftermath of Enlightenment', Laurence Brockliss and David Eastwood (eds), A Union of multiple identities: The British Isles, c.
That was because these matters were determined through traditions prevailing in Goths and Teutonism
that no king or individual had the power to change these familiar conditions.
extended to white United States and Australia.
On 29 March 1935 Arnold Schoenberg gave a speech in Los Angeles about his experience of growing up as an "Austrian-Jewish artist." Among the challenges faced by Jewish artists he singled out the lack of self-confidence, caused by Jews' acceptance of Wagner's philosophy: "[y]ou were not a true Wagnerian if you did not believe in Deutschtum, in Teutonism
; and you could not be a true Wagnerian without being a follower of his anti-Semitic essay, Das Judentum in der Music, 'Judaism in Music'" (cited from Style and Idea: Selected Writings of Arnold Schoenberg, ed.
Having left for Ireland two years earlier with his mother, Freddie threw himself into his career with three years apiece under the stringent guidance of both Dermot Weld and Jim Bolger, the legacy of which was a burgeoning talent, a chirpy confidence, a respectful manner and an accent whose Irishness refuses resolutely to admit even a trace of its former Teutonism