(1996) "Guided by the dark: From thanatopsis to thanatourism
: The meaning of ANZAC Moscardo G.
: Witnessing difficult pasts, Tourist Studies, 11, 55-72.
or peace tourism: Perceived value at a North Korean resort from an indigenous perspective.
Dark tourism is also known in academia as Thanatourism
, which derives from the ancient Greek word thanatos, or the personification of death.
Here are four perspectives: (1) being at a location where you relive in memory a major human tragedy you witnessed or experienced; (2) viewing a contextualized landscape which informs you of a major human tragedy that occurred; (3) entering a foreboding dark tourism site and experiencing thanatourism
(tourism related to sites associated with death or suffering) in a location of mass murder; and (4) the liquid hush of the reflective pools that moves you to contemplate an absence, a sense of loss, and emptiness in the tradition of the Ryoanji Zen Buddhist rock garden in Kyoto, Japan (http://www.ryoanji.jp).
His brochures now advertised nine-day bus tours to battlefields and other sites of human carnage, a "thanatourism
" combining three meals a day and first-class hotels with real or symbolic encounters with death.
(9) John Lennon and Malcolm Foley, Dark Tourism: the Attraction of Death and Disaster (London: Continuum, 2000); Valene Smith, "War and Tourism: an American Ethnography," Annals of Tourism Research 25 (1998): 202-227; Anthony Seaton, "From Thanatopsis to Thanatourism
: Guided by the Dark," Journal of International Heritage Studies 2 (1996): 234-244.
But a Welsh PhD student is researching why an increasing number of people are taking part in 'dark tourism' - or thanatourism
, as it is academically known.
"Guided by the Dark: From Thanatopsis to Thanatourism
." International Journal of Heritage Studies, 2 (4): 234-44.
Esta practica turistica ha recibido otras denominaciones en la literatura como "thanatourism
", "morbid tourism", "disaster tourism", "grief tourism", "black spot tourism" y "phoenix tourism" (Stone, 2006).