The Abderite

Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher.

See also: Abderite

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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This humor echoes the one deployed by pre-Socratic philosophers to which Leopardi referred as "veramente sostanzioso, esprimeva sempre e metteva sotto gli occhi, per dir cosi, un corpo di ridicolo." (11) Beckett would specifically refer to the pre-Socratic philosopher Democritus of Abdera as early as his first published novel Murphy (1938), where "in the guffaw of the Abderite naught is more real" (Murphy 246).
[GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) glosses: [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Other late commentators (Philoponus, Eustathius), perhaps using the same source, reiterate this information on the Abderite sense of [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ([GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), and there is good evidence that [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and related words were favoured by Demokritos; see further below.
(c460 - c370 bc ) A philosopher, also called the Abderite and, from his cheerful disposition, the Laughing Philosopher.
Another historian, Livy, records that in 170 BC, after the praetor Lucius Hortensius had launched an unprovoked assault on the city of Abdera, beheaded its leaders, and sold the remaining inhabitants into slavery, "The Senate regarded this as a disgraceful proceeding and they made the same decree in the case of the Abderites that they had made the previous year in the case of the Coronaeans," namely "that the Senate considered the attack upon Abdera as utterly unjustifiable, and demanded that search should be made for all who were enslaved in order that they might be set free."
The only city in the group specifically mentioned by Diodoros is Abdera, where, as he relates, Chabrias appeared at a crucial moment in the Abderites' struggle with Thracian barbarians.