His efforts were too little and too late.Two decades after his death his kingdom was destroyed, Jerusalem ruined, and the Babylonian Captivity
(the Exile) had started.
"We are all priests, as many of us as are called Christians," Luther wrote in On the Babylonian Captivity
of the Church.
Pettegree is effective in showing how the original and powerful content that Luther provided, particularly in his greatest publications, such as his three great pamphlets of 1520 (To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church, and The Freedom of a Christian Man), fed the rising printing industry.
Jerusalem's significance, for instance, lies in the fact that many important events in the Hebrew Bible are believed to have transpired there: from Abraham's near-sacrifice of Isaac to the rise of King David, the building of Solomon's temple, and its restoration following the Babylonian captivity
Jews have eaten beets since the time of the Babylonian captivity
; they probably learned about them from the Babylonians, who were already eating them.
In 1520, Luther wrote "The Babylonian Captivity
of the Church," which marked his irrevocable separation from Rome.
Jews have not forgotten the Babylonian captivity
and the Iranians have not forgotten the battle of Qadisiyah that led to the destruction of the Persian Empire.
Reassuring those who feared that they could not continue their relationship with God in exile, God explains, "ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart" The Babylonian captivity
is thus the origin of Judaism as a law-based religion that can be practiced anywhere, rather than a sacrificial cult focused on the sacred temple.
Kaufmann, The Babylonian Captivity
and Deutero-Isaiah, (New York: Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1970), p.
The Israelites were taken as prisoners in the Babylonian captivity
. All this happened because the kingdom did not live up to the covenant made with God by honouring justice.
The period of the Babylonian Captivity
is discussed, but so, too is the fate of the Jewish people under the considerably more tolerant Cyrus the Great of Persia.