Cultural Revolution

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Cultural Revolution

n.
A comprehensive reform movement in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1966 to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the country's institutions and leadership. It was characterized by political zealotry, purges of intellectuals, and social and economic chaos.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural Revolution

n
(Historical Terms) (in China) a mass movement (1965–68), in which the youthful Red Guard played a prominent part. It was initiated by Mao Tse-tung to destroy the power of the bureaucrats and to revolutionize the attitudes and behaviour of the people. Also called: Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Cul′tural Revolu′tion


n.
a political movement in China (1966–69) launched by Mao Zedong to restore revolutionary zeal.
[translation of Chinese wénhuà gémìng]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cultural Revolution

1965–68 A Chinese youth-led mass movement inspired by Mao Zedong to change popular ideology. It wrecked many lives and cultural institutions.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Cultural Revolution - a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
revolution - a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving; "the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolution"
Cathay, China, Communist China, mainland China, People's Republic of China, PRC, Red China - a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cultural revolution was a socio-political movement started by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) chairman, Mao Zedong, that lasted from 1966 up until 1976.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The bill to reorganize and uniform international Persian Language (Farsi) exams, which was recently passed by Iran's Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution, was signed into the law by President Hassan Rouhani on Wednesday.
However, it is no wonder that Althusser's "On the Cultural Revolution" (1966) essay is widely supposed to preconceive his "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses" (1970) essay in many aspects (Robcis 61-2; Bourg 239), or that the latter text is regarded as the theorization of the former (Elliot 212).
A proposed change by China's top securities regulator that would require listed companies to set up a Communist Party of China (CPC) unit is a step back to the era of the Cultural Revolution, a China-based Taiwanese business consultant has said.
While there is no shortage of historical literature on the sent-down youth during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), this volume clearly distinguishes itself from the rest with its focus on the lives of zhiqing who were dispatched to rural areas prior to the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution in August 1966.
The Cultural Revolution. A People's History 1962-1976.
However, following the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), Xi and his family suffered much abuse due to their political ties and Xi was eventually exiled for seven years.
During the Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing, the ring leader of The Gang of Four and Mao's 4th wife, led the effort to transform China's cultural landscape.
Violence, Periodization and Definition of the Cultural Revolution: A Case Study of Two Deaths by the Red Guards
Originally a left-wing revisionist notion, breaking with the orthodox Marxist base-superstructure model by giving "culture" a degree of autonomy and independent agency vis-a-vis the means of material production, the cultural revolution that took shape under neoliberal capitalism during the Reagan-Thatcher '80s has absorbed, through advertising, design, and "the media," both the energies of the counterculture and the tactics of the artistic avant-garde; and, in a second move, it has staged a slow but steady takeover of the art world.
By 1968, the Cultural Revolution was convulsing the country.
This dilution of authority, Frank DikE[micro]tter maintains in his latest book, was the key trigger which prompted Mao to launch the series of 'revolutions' that followed - the Hundred Flowers Bloom, the Great Leap Forward and finally the Cultural Revolution - in a bid to regain control.