The same man, stimulated by private pique against the MEGARENSIANS, another nation of Greece, or to avoid a prosecution with which he was threatened as an accomplice of a supposed theft of the statuary Phidias, or to get rid of the accusations prepared to be brought against him for dissipating the funds of the state in the purchase of popularity, or from a combination of all these causes, was the primitive author of that famous and fatal war, distinguished in the Grecian annals by the name of the PELOPONNESIAN war
; which, after various vicissitudes, intermissions, and renewals, terminated in the ruin of the Athenian commonwealth.
Case studies span ancient to modern history, including the Peloponnesian War
, Napoleon's Wars, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, and modern military operations.
In his writings, the historian of Ancient Greece has explained the cause of the Peloponnesian War
as: "It was the rise of Sparta and the fear that this inspired in Athens, the strongest city state prior to the war, that made conflict inevitable." This was an ancient Greek War fought from 431 to 404 BC between the Delian League led by Athens and the Peloponnesian War
led by Sparta.
His "History of the Peloponnesian War
" recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC.
History buffs shouldn't take this too seriously (remember, it's still a work of fiction despite its factual setting), but instead allow one's imagination to wonder just what it must've been like during the Peloponnesian War
, and the way of life of those caught in the middle, in order to survive.
Summary: People in the Middle East aren't known for letting things go; every perceived insult, affront or breach of trust is treated with the same gravity as the Peloponnesian War
, and reconciliation never comes with recompense.
Set in the year 431BC, the game plays out during a fictional history of the Peloponnesian War
The first chapter, "Defining Strategy as Psychology," provides context for strategy's overall psychological evolution from human and cultural perspectives dating from classical Greek Thucydidan insights on the Peloponnesian War
to a more distinct strategy in Europe's eighteenth century with key examples associated with Carl von Clausewitz and the Napoleonic Wars...
In 424 BC, during the Peloponnesian War
between Athens and Sparta, Hermocrates persuaded the cities of Sicily to agree to make peace, ending the three-year war between his settlement and Sicily's pro-Athenian towns.
It could also have allowed Athens to emerge victorious from the Peloponnesian war
which stretched for almost three decades.
A Naval History of the Peloponnesian War
: Ships, Men and Money in the War at Sea, 431-404 BC
Edited by James Lacey of the Marine Corps War College, this collection's sixteen essays explore prolonged strategic rivalries, beginning with Athens, Sparta, and the Peloponnesian War
, and ending with the Cold War rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States.