The ancient regime

the former political and social system, as distinguished from the modern; especially, the political and social system existing in France before the Revolution of 1789.

See also: Regime

References in classic literature ?
Just as she was she could have sat in advance for the portrait of the young daughter of the Regent d'Orleans, at the famous dinner whence she was carried, foul-mouthed, intoxicated, and helpless, to her bed, in the lost and lamented days of the Ancient Regime.
Since the July 2013 military coup, the dynamics in Egypt are characterized by a return of the ancient regime with a vengeance.
Together with the French Revolution of 1789, it spelt the end of the ancient regime in the US and France and ushered in the advent of individual freedom under the law in a system of representative democracy.
The pantomime reminds us the ancient regime fought back and Britain remains an unequal Two Nations.
In the wake of this revolution --a revolution which eventually brought to power the Ba'th party of Saddam Hussein the ancient regime of Iraq found itself both persecuted and imprisoned.
In his French exile, thugs associated with the ancient regime harassed him and tried to disrupt his antigovernment activities.
In Yemen, the US and Saudi Arabian military intervention and the resultant support for the ancient regime has blocked the path of the revolution for a clean-cut success, establishment of a people's democracy and putting the wheels of the economy back to work.
The sponsors of the ancient regime (referred to as folool, or remnants, in post-revolution political discourse) have not been rooted out by the revolution, particularly in the lower echelons of state structure, because the revolutionaries who challenged the dictator and withstood his wrath, did not assume power after toppling him.
He went from being the leader of the crowd outside the Bastille to the personification of the ancient regime.
The Asian interactions, particularly in matters of trade, were already resident in continental Europe in the persons of merchants and diplomats from the Orient, as shown in Ina Baghdiantz McCabe's Orientalism in Early Modern France: Eurasian Trade, Exoticism and the Ancient Regime (Oxford, 2008).
were the public faces of the revolution, it was the rich and super-rich malcontents in the shadows who provided the funding that made the overthrow of the ancient regime possible.
By 1840 there was a strong and wealthy bourgeoisie in France hungry for luxury goods and eager to possess the newest and most innovative products of the factories that had once served the ancient regime.