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Is·ra·el 1

1. Bible
a. Jacob.
b. The descendants of Jacob.
2. Judaism The Hebrew people, past, present, and future, regarded as the chosen people of God by virtue of the covenant of Jacob.

[Middle English, from Old English, from Latin, from Greek Israēl, from Hebrew yiśrā'ēl, God has striven, God has saved : yiśrā, he has striven, saved; see śry in Semitic roots + 'ēl, God; see ʔl in Semitic roots.]

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Is·ra·el 2

1. An ancient kingdom of Palestine. According to the Bible, it was founded by Saul (c. 1025 bc), was greatly reduced in size when its southern part became the kingdom of Judah (c. 930), and was eventually overthrown by the Assyrians (c. 720).
2. A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It was established as a primarily Jewish state in 1948, largely along the lines of a United Nations partition plan for Palestine. Discord between Israel and neighboring Arab states led to numerous wars between 1948 and 1973. In the Six-Day War (1967) Israel occupied the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, and Jerusalem's Old City, annexing the latter two territories in 1980 and 1981. Israel returned Sinai to Egypt in 1982 and passed partial control of Gaza and the West Bank to the Palestinians by agreements signed in 1993 and 1994, but peace efforts were hampered by outbreaks of violence, by disagreement over the status of Jerusalem, and by the building of Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. Jerusalem is the capital.


(ˈɪzreɪəl; -rɪəl)
1. (Placename) a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea: established in 1948, in the former British mandate of Palestine, as a primarily Jewish state; 8 disputes with Arab neighbours (who did not recognize the state of Israel), erupted into full-scale wars in 1948, 1956, 1967 (the Six Day War), and 1973 (the Yom Kippur War). In 1993 Israel agreed to grant autonomous status to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, according to the terms of a peace agreement with the PLO. Official languages: Hebrew and Arabic. Religion: Jewish majority, Muslim and Christian minorities. Currency: shekel. Capital: Jerusalem (international recognition withheld as East Jerusalem was annexed (1967) by Israel: UN recognized capital: Tel Aviv). Pop: 7 707 042 (2013 est). Area (including Golan Heights and East Jerusalem): 21 946 sq km (8473 sq miles)
2. (Placename)
a. the ancient kingdom of the 12 Hebrew tribes at the SE end of the Mediterranean
b. the kingdom in the N part of this region formed by the ten northern tribes of Israel in the 10th century bc and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 bc
3. (Judaism) informal the Jewish community throughout the world


(ˈɪz ri əl, -reɪ-)

1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state in 1948. 5,749,760; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem.
2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Jewish people.
3. a name given to Jacob after he had wrestled with the angel. Gen. 32:28.
4. the northern kingdom of the Hebrews, including 10 of the 12 tribes. Compare Judah (def. 3).
5. a group considered by its members or by others as God's chosen people.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English < Latin Isrāēl < Greek Isrāḗl < Hebrew Yisrā'ēl literally, God perseveres]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Israel - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of MediterraneanIsrael - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
al-Asifa, al-Fatah, Fatah - a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state; during the 1960s and 1970s trained terrorist and insurgent groups; "al-Fatah carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s"
Fatah Tanzim, Tanzim - a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al-Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat's unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership
Kach, Kahane Chai - a terrorist organization founded for Jewish defense; fights antisemitism and hopes to restore the biblical state of Israel
PFLP-GC, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe
15 May Organization - a terrorist organization formed in 1979 by a faction of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine but disbanded in the 1980s when key members left to join a faction of al-Fatah
Iz Al-Din Al-Qassam Battalions, Qassam Brigades, Salah al-Din Battalions - the military arm of Hamas responsible for suicide bombings and other attacks on Israel
kibbutz - a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel; children are reared collectively
moshav - a cooperative Israeli village or settlement comprised of small farms
Haganah - the clandestine military wing of the Jewish leadership during the British rule over the mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948; became the basis for the Israeli defense force
IDF, Israeli Defense Force - the ground and air and naval forces of Israel
sayeret, Sayeret Matkal, Sayeret Mat'kal - Israel's elite secret commando unit responsible for counterterrorist and top secret intelligence gathering and hostage rescue missions
A'man - the Israeli military intelligence which produces comprehensive national intelligence briefings for the prime minister and the cabinet
Mossad - the Israeli foreign intelligence agency; "the primary focus of the Mossad is on Arab nations"
General Security Services, Shin Bet - the Israeli domestic counterintelligence and internal security agency; "the Shin Bet also handles overall security for Israel's national airline"
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Accho, Akka, Akko, Acre - a town and port in northwestern Israel in the eastern Mediterranean
West Bank - an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river; populated largely by Palestinians
Galilee - an area of northern Israel; formerly the northern part of Palestine and the ancient kingdom of Israel; the scene of Jesus's ministry
Gaza, Gaza Strip - a coastal region at the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt; "he is a Palestinian from Gaza"
Golan, Golan Heights - a fortified hilly area between southern Lebanon and southern Syria; "artillery on the Golan Heights can dominate a large area of Israel"
capital of Israel, Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Caesarea - an ancient seaport in northwestern Israel; an important Roman city in ancient Palestine
Sodom - (Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Gomorrah) was destroyed by God for the wickedness of its inhabitants
Gomorrah, Gomorrha - (Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Sodom) was destroyed by God for the vice and depravity of its inhabitants
Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Tel Aviv-Yalo - the largest city and financial center of Israel; located in western Israel on the Mediterranean
Haifa, Hefa - a major port in northwestern Israel
Negev, Negev Desert - a desert in southern Israel
Dead Sea - a saltwater lake on the border between Israel and Jordan; its surface in 1292 feet below sea level
Mount Carmel - a mountain range in northwestern Israel near the Mediterranean coast; "according to the Old Testament, Elijah defeated the priests of Baal at Mount Carmel"
Israeli - a native or inhabitant of Israel
2.Israel - an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Israelite - a native or inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Israel
Izraelio ValstybėIzraelis
IzraēlaIzraēlas Valsts
nước Israel


[ˈɪzreɪl] NIsrael m


[ˈɪzreɪəl] nIsraël m
in Israel → en Israël


nIsrael nt


[ˈɪzreɪəl] nIsraele m


إِسْرَائِيلُ Izrael Israel Israel Ισραήλ Israel Israel Israël Izrael Israele イスラエル 이스라엘 Israël Israel Izrael Israel Израиль Israel ประเทศอิสราเอล İsrail nước Israel 以色列
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