special relativity

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Related to Theory of special relativity: Theory of General Relativity

special relativity

n.
The physical theory of space and time developed by Albert Einstein, based on the postulates that all the laws of physics are equally valid in all frames of reference moving at a uniform velocity and that the speed of light from a uniformly moving source is always the same, regardless of how fast or slow the source or its observer is moving. The theory has as consequences the relativistic mass increase of rapidly moving objects, the Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction, time dilatation, and the principle of mass-energy equivalence. Also called special theory of relativity.

rel•a•tiv•i•ty

(ˌrɛl əˈtɪv ɪ ti)

n.
1. the state or fact of being relative.
2.
a. Also called special relativity. the first part of Einstein's two-part theory, based on the axioms that physical laws have the same form throughout the universe and that the velocity of light in a vacuum is a universal constant, from which is derived the mass-energy equation, E = mc2.
b. Also called general relativity. the second part, a theory of gravitation based on the axiom that the local effects of a gravitational field and of the acceleration of an inertial system are identical.
3. dependence of a mental state upon the nature of the human mind.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.special relativity - a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems
Einstein's theory of relativity, relativity, relativity theory, theory of relativity - (physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
Translations
specijalna teorija relativnosti
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References in periodicals archive ?
Many people have at least heard of Albert Einstein's famous theory of special relativity, or its key formula E=mc2.
This is separate from another key component of Einstein's broader theory of relativity: his 1905 theory of special relativity, part of the basis of modern physics.
His topics include Coulomb's Law, direct current circuits, the magnetic force and field, time-dependent circuits, and the theory of special relativity. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Einstein, a name used idiomatically even for today's geniuses, postulated his famous 'Theory of Special Relativity' based upon the results of Michelson-Morley experiment of 1887.
In particle accelerators protons are accelerated to almost the speed of light and thereby becoming much more massive, following Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity, and then smashed into each other creating more massive particles than the original protons such as the Higgs Boson discovered very recently.
Nonaka, who was born on July 25, 1905 - just months before Albert Einstein published his theory of special relativity - received a certificate from Guinness World Records during a ceremony in Ashoro, on Japan's northern island of Hokkaido.
Often referred to as "one of the most unread books of all time" for the hard-to-grasp concepts, it included only one equation: E = mc2 or the equivalence of mass and energy, deduced by Einstein from his theory of special relativity. The book outlined the basics of cosmology for the general reader.
Some "very immature" people in the past included 26-year-old Albert Einstein, who was criticized for goofing off in a room full of serious physicists and having childish ideas (he came up with the theory of special relativity that year); and 23-year-old Steve Jobs, who showed up barefoot to pitch ideas that would eventually revolutionize communications.
The theory of special relativity applies to unaccelerated (constant velocity) frames of reference, known as inertial frames of reference, in a four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime [3], of which the three-dimensional Euclidean space is a subspace.
The element of time was introduced by Einstein's professor and mathematician Hermann Minkowski who, after reading Einstein's early papers on his 1905 theory of special relativity, "revealed important symmetries in time and space" (Siegfried, 2002, pp.
In fact, Einstein's theory of special relativity tells us that all bodies are in perpetual or in constant motion.
Let's take Einstein's theory of special relativity to be true (as opposed to sitting and reading through a decade's worth of mathematical ideologies).

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