Absinthe contains traces of thujone
chemical compound which is considered as harmful to human.
officinalis oils were measured as thujone
(24.88%) and camphor (16.03%), (Miladinovic and Miladinovic, 2000).
Acetic acid was identified as a major chemical constituent depending on the GC-MS chromatogram that showed 13 peaks, while thujone
gave the highest peak (Figure 2).
The NP extract has some antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents such as [beta]-caryophyllene, 1.8 cineole, [beta]-eudesmol, thujone
, and [alpha]- and [beta]-pinene.
and thujone-containing herbal medicinal and botanical products: toxicological assessment," Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol.
herba-alba essential oil the major compounds were Myrtenyl acetate (35.53 %) followed by thujone
(22.88%) (Table 3).
fragrantissima oil is rich with sesquisabinene hydrate, bisabolene epoxide, camphor, and caryophyllene oxide; also limonene, menthol, azulene, and thujone
are found in moderate amount, while santolina alcohol, lanceol, cedrene, and granny geraniol are found in a minor amounts (Table 1).
(trans), [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, terpinen, limonene, 1.8-cineole, linalool, bornyl acetate, citronellal, eugenol, geranyl acetate, nerol, [beta]-caryophyllene were purchased from Aldrich Company, USA.
In the essential oil of T occidentalis, thujone
has been reported to be the major therapeutically active constituent.
It was eventually taken off the market in France, supposedly because it contained oil of sage, which contains thujone
. Even though the quantity of thujone
was below the allowance made by the health authorities it was still removed from the market.
Its essential oil contains cineol, borneol, and thujone
. Its leaves contain tannic acid; resins called oleic acid, ursonic acid, and ursolic acid; bitter substances called cornsole and cornsolic acid; estrogenic substances; and fumaric, chlorogenic, caffeic, and nicotinic acids--as well as a powerful class of bioflavonoids known as flavones.