thujone


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Related to thujone: wormwood, absinthe

thu·jone

 (tho͞o′jōn′, thyo͞o′-)
n.
A ketone, C10H16O, that is thought to be a neurotoxin and is found in certain plants such as the wormwood Artemisia absinthium, an ingredient in absinthe.

[New Latin Thuja, arborvitae genus (since it is found in arborvitae); see thuja + -one.]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Absinthe contains traces of thujone chemical compound which is considered as harmful to human.
officinalis oils were measured as thujone (24.88%) and camphor (16.03%), (Miladinovic and Miladinovic, 2000).
Acetic acid was identified as a major chemical constituent depending on the GC-MS chromatogram that showed 13 peaks, while thujone gave the highest peak (Figure 2).
The NP extract has some antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents such as [beta]-caryophyllene, 1.8 cineole, [beta]-eudesmol, thujone, and [alpha]- and [beta]-pinene.
Wiesner, "Thujone and thujone-containing herbal medicinal and botanical products: toxicological assessment," Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol.
herba-alba essential oil the major compounds were Myrtenyl acetate (35.53 %) followed by thujone (22.88%) (Table 3).
fragrantissima oil is rich with sesquisabinene hydrate, bisabolene epoxide, camphor, and caryophyllene oxide; also limonene, menthol, azulene, and thujone are found in moderate amount, while santolina alcohol, lanceol, cedrene, and granny geraniol are found in a minor amounts (Table 1).
Thujone (trans), [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, terpinen, limonene, 1.8-cineole, linalool, bornyl acetate, citronellal, eugenol, geranyl acetate, nerol, [beta]-caryophyllene were purchased from Aldrich Company, USA.
In the essential oil of T occidentalis, thujone has been reported to be the major therapeutically active constituent.
It was eventually taken off the market in France, supposedly because it contained oil of sage, which contains thujone. Even though the quantity of thujone was below the allowance made by the health authorities it was still removed from the market.
Its essential oil contains cineol, borneol, and thujone. Its leaves contain tannic acid; resins called oleic acid, ursonic acid, and ursolic acid; bitter substances called cornsole and cornsolic acid; estrogenic substances; and fumaric, chlorogenic, caffeic, and nicotinic acids--as well as a powerful class of bioflavonoids known as flavones.