whiche that olde thinges ben in mynde, And to the doctrine of these olde wyse, Yeve credence, in every skylful wise, That tellen of these olde appreved stories Of holynesse, of regnes, of victories, Of love, of hate, of other sondry thynges, Of whiche I may not maken rehersynges.
(3) Scholars of medieval technology and science have long been aware of "the apparent paradox of a religious culture embracing technological change"--exploring this issue within the context of a "theology of labor." (4) The fifteenth-century Augustinian poet John Lydgate expresses one kind of response to this issue in his "Poem against Idleness," in which he explains that "men dyvers craftis first fonde" in '"th'olde tyme," in order to further "[v]ertu" and "confounde" "vices" "thurgh
occupacioune" (86, stanza 9).
"No likerous lust was thurgh
hire herte yronne" (ClT, 1.214), because she used to live in poverty.
The Harley manuscript reports 'All patryarkes and ilk prophete / And other saintes all' rejoice that 'Ded thurgh
ded es destroit'.
Hoccleve admits that his excesses drove away his friends and led him to "malencolie," which caused "stryf" and "mortel hurt thurgh
hir folie" (296-303).
Crist, "I seye to thee, to-day shaltow been with me in paradys."/ Certes, ther is noon so horrible synne of man that it ne may in his lyf he destroyed by penitence, thurgh
vertu of the passion and of the deeth of Crist.
HM 136: othe / that arose ayens his liege lorde the noble kyng Edward and falsely made hym kynge of Scotland / as is said bifore and his sone sholde be kyng of Scotland that was of age of v yere [paragraph] And so thurgh
this cursed counceill Dauid
Current scholars see the thematic links between the sufferings in the Boece and those of "The Franklin's Tale." "This passage echoes Boethius, Bk4, Cons.," comments Joanna Rice on Dorigen's lament that begins with the line "Eterne God, that thurgh
thy purveiaunce" (FranT 965).
In fact, good souls are as ignorant of their merits as bad souls are of their faults: I Anima Bona: Whanne hadde we, lorde that all has wroght, Meete and drinke the with to feede, Sen we in erthe hadde neuere noght But thurgh
the grace of thy Godhede?
and drad, thurgh
favour of Fortune' (E 69), and it is made
Bot now a childe appon chere withowtten chyn-wedys pat neuer wroghte thurgh
witt thies wordes togedire For he can jangle als a jaye and japes telle He schall be lenede and louede and lett of a while Wele more pan pe man that made it hymseluen.