timocracy

(redirected from Timarchy)
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Related to Timarchy: timocracy

ti·moc·ra·cy

 (tī-mŏk′rə-sē)
n. pl. ti·moc·ra·cies
1. A state described by Plato as being governed on principles of honor and military glory.
2. An Aristotelian state in which civic honor or political power increases with the amount of property one owns.

[Obsolete French tymocracie, from Medieval Latin tīmocratia, from Greek tīmokratiā : tīmē, honor, value + -kratiā, -cracy.]

ti′mo·crat′ic (tī′mə-krăt′ĭk) adj.

timocracy

(taɪˈmɒkrəsɪ)
n, pl -cies
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a political unit or system in which possession of property serves as the first requirement for participation in government
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a political unit or system in which love of honour is deemed the guiding principle of government
[C16: from Old French tymocracie, ultimately from Greek timokratia, from timē worth, honour, price + -cracy]
timocratic, ˌtimoˈcratical adj

ti•moc•ra•cy

(taɪˈmɒk rə si)

n., pl. -cies.
1. government in which love of honor is the dominant motive of the rulers.
2. government in which a certain amount of property is requisite as a qualification for office.
[1580–90; ultimately < Greek tīmokratía=tīmo-, comb. form of tīmḗ honor, worth + -kratia -cracy]
ti`mo•crat′ic (-məˈkræt ɪk) adj.

timocracy

1. Platonism. a state in which a love of honor and glory is the guiding principle of the rulers.
2. Aristotelianism. a state in which the ownership of property is a qualification for office. — timocratie, timocratical, adj.
See also: Government
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References in classic literature ?
Shall we follow our old plan, which we adopted with a view to clearness, of taking the State first and then proceeding to the individual, and begin with the government of honour?--I know of no name for such a government other than timocracy, or perhaps timarchy. We will compare with this the like character in the individual; and, after that, consider oligarchical man; and then again we will turn our attention to democracy and the democratical man; and lastly, we will go and view the city of tyranny, and once more take a look into the tyrant's soul, and try to arrive at a satisfactory decision.
Depending of the characters in the citadel Platon highlights the following forms of governing: timocracy or timarchy, constitution amateur of honors, then, oligarchy or the oligarchic, in the third place, democracy as well as the democratic individual, and in the fourth place, tyranny or the tyrannical soul.