Tocharian


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To·char·i·an

also To·khar·i·an  (tō-kâr′ē-ən, -kär′-)
n.
1. A member of a people living in Chinese Turkistan until about the tenth century.
2. Either of the two Indo-European languages of this people, called Tocharian A and Tocharian B, recorded from the seventh to the ninth century.
3. A branch of the Indo-European language family consisting of the two Tocharian languages.

[From Latin Tocharī, a people of ancient Central Asia (originally identified with the Tocharians by modern scholars after the first discovery of Tocharian texts), from Greek Tokharoi.]

Tocharian

(tɒˈkɑːrɪən) or

Tokharian

n
1. (Historical Terms) a member of an Asian people with a complex material culture, sometimes thought to be of European origin, who lived in the Tarim Basin until overcome by the Uighurs around 800 ad
2. (Languages) the language of this people, known from records in a N Indian script of the 7th and 8th centuries ad. It belongs to the Indo-European family, is regarded as forming an independent branch, and shows closer affinities with the W or European group than with the E or Indo-Iranian group. The language is recorded in two dialects, known as Tocharian A and Tocharian B
[C20: ultimately from Greek Tokharoi, name of uncertain origin]

To•char•i•an

(toʊˈkɛər i ən, -ˈkɑr-)

n.
1. an extinct Indo-European language spoken in the NE Tarim Basin of W China c500–800 a.d., having an eastern dialect (Tocharian A) and a western dialect (Tocharian B).
2. a speaker of Tocharian.
adj.
3. of or pertaining to Tocharian or its speakers.
[1925–30; < Greek Tóchar(oi) a Central Asian people + -ian]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Tocharian - a branch of the Indo-European language family that originated in central Asia during the first millennium A.D.
Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European - the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
East Tocharian, Turfan, Turfan dialect - a dialect of Tocharian
Kuchean, Kuchean dialect, West Tocharian - a dialect of Tocharian
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The article laid the foundation for Tocharian studies and is naturally the first article in the book.
Except for the idea of giving to one who is proceeding to becoming a Paccekabuddha or proceeding to become a Tathagata, this listing parallels a similar exposition in the Dakkhinavibhanga-sutta and its parallels: MN 142 at MN III 254,27; a Gandhari fragment, Strauch (35); two discourse versions preserved in Chinese translation, MA 180 at T I 722bi5 and T 84 at T I 903c27; a discourse quotation in Samathadeva's Abhidharmakosopayika, D 4094 ju 255b2 or Q 5595 tu 291a2; a Tocharian fragment, YQ 1.
Ancient Greek [alpha][mu][epsilon][lambda][gamma][omega] (amelgo) 'I milk'; Greek [alpha][rho][mu][epsilon][gamma][omega] (armego) 'I milk'; Tocharian A malke 'milk'; Tocharian B malkwer 'milk'.
Tocharian represents the easternmost branch of the Indo-European language family and probably emerged, at the earliest, about 3,000 years ago.
The manuscripts, hailing from various sites around Khotan on the southern branch of the Silk Road and around Kucha on the northern branch, were primarily written in Brahmi script and in the Sanskrit, Khotanese, Tumshuqese, and Tocharian languages.
Two varieties of Tocharian are known so far: Tocharian A and Tocharian B, attested from the 5th century CE in the north of the Tarim Basin.
The 10 academic essays consider such topics as three additions to the Tocharian B aviary, Tocharian AB kwar- to grow old, silk in ancient Kucha and the Tocharian B word kaum* found in the documents of the Tang period, Tocharian B nouns with an oblique singular in -a, Tocharian Vinaya fragments in the London and Paris collections, and vowel lengthening before distinctively voiced consonants in Tocharian.
The assumption by Laut, that an account of the foundation of the order of nuns can be found in the Maitrisimit, an assumption followed by Pinault for a Tocharian counterpart, cf.
being of Aryan or Proto-Tocharian origin and *sat reflecting early Tocharian B *[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
The topics include how to tell a sheep's age and some other animal husbandry terms in Tocharian B, additions and correction to words beginning with vowels for A Dictionary of Tocharian B, Tocharian "camel," and reflexes of the deletion and insertion of Proto-Tocharian *a in Tocharian B.
A similar pattern 'Buddha + lord' is also found in Tocharian A ptankat and B panakte (pudnakte in poetry), which are built upon the borrowed Indic root budh followed by nakte 'god, lord' (Pinault 2008).