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 (tô′kə-măk′, tŏk′ə-)
A doughnut-shaped chamber used in fusion research in which a plasma is heated and confined by magnetic fields.

[Russian, from to(roidal'naya) kam(era s) ak(sial'nym magnitnym polem), toroidal chamber with axial magnetic field.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(General Physics) physics a toroidal reactor used in thermonuclear experiments, in which a strong helical magnetic field keeps the plasma from contacting the external walls. The magnetic field is produced partly by current-carrying coils and partly by a large inductively driven current through the plasma
[C20: from Russian to(roidál'naya) kám(era s) ak(siál'nym magnitnym pólem), toroidal chamber with magnetic field]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtoʊ kəˌmæk, ˈtɒk ə-)

a type of experimental nuclear fusion reactor in which a plasma of ions circulates in a toroidal tube and is confined to a narrow beam by an electromagnetic field.
[1960–65; < Russian tokamák, for to(roidál'naya) kám(era s) ak(siál'nym magnítnym pólem) toroidal chamber with an axial magnetic field]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tokamak - a doughnut-shaped chamber used in fusion research; a plasma is heated and confined in a magnetic bottle
chamber - a natural or artificial enclosed space
magnetic bottle - container consisting of any configuration of magnetic fields used to contain a plasma during controlled thermonuclear reactions
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The experiment will implement the Ignitor tokamak design, originally proposed by MIT Professor Bruno Coppi, which has been under development in Italy for several years.