Matsuri is also a process of political integration, incorporating the Yakushi-do original shrine and the Shinmei-sha subsequent clan shrine erected by Ashina, as well as a state visit to the house of Satake, whose ancestors were the local representatives of the central government during the Tokugawa
Shogunate before the advent of the Meiji Restoration.
In the first part of the book, Howe does this in roughly chronological order by examining early European trade in the Far East, the Tokugawa
economy, the opening of Japan in the mid-nineteenth century, and early Meiji modernization.
In this book, it is several months later and Sano has had little to do until a mysterious killer starts beheading prominent citizens and taking their heads as a ``bundori'' (war trophy) - crimes that may be tied to an act of betrayal in the civil war that established the Tokugawa
shogunate several decades before.
Hanzo^O (who was based on Shimazaki's father) eagerly welcomes the transfer of power from the military Tokugawa
shogunate to the Meiji emperor.
In fact, however, Japanese homogeneity is very much a product of history, a political construct that emerged during the process of state formation and re-formation in the Tokugawa
(1600-1868) and Meiji (1868-1912) periods.
He was of the Tokugawa
family, and the shogunate remained in that family for over two and half centuries.
This volume provides a valuable and sometimes highly schematized introduction to the social and economic changes occurring in Tokugawa
Japan (roughly 1600-1867).
Gary Leupp, Servants, Laborers, and Shophands in the Cities of Tokugawa
Japan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Under the leadership of Tokugawa
Ieyasu (1542 - 1616), the country was unified under a feudal government (the Shogunate) located in Edo (Tokyo), and the perpetual warfare of the previous centuries was replaced by a peace that lasted over 250 years.
It addresses the definition of popular culture and describes popular culture of the Edo period, Tokugawa
period, Meiji period, imperial Japan, post-World War II Japan, and since 2000, as well as uses of pop culture during war, with discussion of forms like kabuki theater, monochrome ink painting, literature, poetry, manga, film, woodblock prints, and music, and the role of pop culture in nationalism, imperialism, militarism, gender, postwar democracy, and economic development.
In this study, the author explores the Tokugawa
shoguns' political use of death rituals, particularly their injunctions against playing music in the aftermath of someone's passing.