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or Tol·stoi  (tōl′stoi, tŏl′-, təl-stoi′), Count Leo or Lev Nikolayevich 1828-1910.
Russian writer whose great novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877) offer extraordinary detail and profound psychological insights. His later theories of ethics and morality recommended nonparticipation in and passive resistance to evil.

Tol·stoy′an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈtɒlstɔɪ; Russian talˈstɔj)
(Biography) Leo, Russian name Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy. 1828–1910, Russian novelist, short-story writer, and philosopher; author of the two monumental novels War and Peace (1865–69) and Anna Karenina (1875–77). Following a spiritual crisis in 1879, he adopted a form of Christianity based on a doctrine of nonresistance to evil
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or Tol•stoi

(ˈtoʊl stɔɪ, ˈtɒl-, toʊlˈstɔɪ, tɒl-)

Leo or Lev Nikolaevich, Count, 1828–1910, Russian novelist and social critic.
Tol′stoy•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Tolstoy - Russian author remembered for two great novels (1828-1910)Tolstoy - Russian author remembered for two great novels (1828-1910)
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References in periodicals archive ?
(4) With increasing clarity and focus over these decades, he argued that Taoism and Buddhism--and, to a lesser extent, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Shintoism--rightly understood not just as metaphysical traditions but as enacted life practices with attendant modes of labor and social organization, were profoundly similar to "Tolstoian" Christianity.
A Tolstoian Beginning in the Literature of the First Wave of Russian Emigration: V.
To a large extent, the idealized representation of shtetl life on a wide territory corresponding to the former Pale of Settlement at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century was encouraged by Jewish populists driven by Rousseauist and Tolstoian conceptions of "the good wild man" and the necessity of going back to nature to find the mysterious energy of the Jewish people, its culture and its folklore.
The first of these unwelcoming souls is a Tolstoian espousing a philosophy of universal peace based on an undiscriminating love of life.