Masaccio

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Ma·sac·cio

 (mə-sä′chē-ō, mä-sät′chō) Originally Tommaso di Mone. 1401-1428.
Italian painter of the Florentine school whose revolutionary use of linear perspective and mastery of light and shade profoundly influenced Renaissance painting.
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Masaccio

(Italian maˈzattʃo)
n
(Biography) original name Tommaso Guidi. 1401–28, Florentine painter. He was the first to apply to painting the laws of perspective discovered by Brunelleschi. His chief work is the frescoes in the Brancacci chapel in the church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence
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Tommaso Cassai was single-minded, so careless of practical concerns and (which shocked Vasari most of all) so neglectful of his dress that his fellow apprentices renamed him Masaccio, which means Tom-fool; intent on his one art of tempera-painting; dependent on the fees carefully counted out to him by merchants, lawyers and parish priests.