ruff

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ruff 1

 (rŭf)
n.
1. A stiffly starched frilled or pleated circular collar of lace, muslin, or other fine fabric, worn by men and women in the 1500s and 1600s.
2. A distinctive collarlike projection around the neck, as of feathers on a bird or of fur on a mammal.
3. A migratory sandpiper (Philomachus pugnax) of the Eastern Hemisphere, the male of which has collarlike, erectile feathers around the neck during the breeding season.

[Perhaps short for ruffle.]

ruffed adj.

ruff 2

 (rŭf) Games
n.
1. The playing of a trump card when one cannot follow suit.
2. An old game resembling whist.
tr. & intr.v. ruffed, ruff·ing, ruffs
To trump or play a trump.

[Obsolete French ronfle, roffle, a kind of card game, from Old French ronfle, from renfler, to rise : re-, re- + enfler, to cause to swell (from Latin īnflāre; see inflate).]

ruff 3

 (rŭf)
n.
1. also ruffe Any of several marine fishes of the family Centrolophidae, usually having spiny dorsal fins.
2. A small edible fish (Arripis georgianus) of coastal and estuarine waters of southern Australia. Also called roughy.
3. Variant of ruffe..

[Middle English rowe, roffe, ruffe, any of various fishes, especially Gymnocephalus cernuus, perhaps from variant of rough, rough; see rough, or from Medieval Latin rufus, a kind of fish (perhaps from Latin rūfus, red, tawny; see rufous).]

ruff 4

 (rŭf)
n.
See ruffle2.

[Of imitative origin.]

ruff

(rʌf)
n
1. (Clothing & Fashion) a circular pleated, gathered, or fluted collar of lawn, muslin, etc, often starched or wired, worn by both men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries
2. (Zoology) zoology a natural growth of long or coloured hair or feathers around the necks of certain animals or birds
3. (Animals)
a. an Old World shore bird, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers in the breeding season: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes
b. the male of this bird. Compare reeve3
[C16: back formation from ruffle1]
ˈruffˌlike adj

ruff

(rʌf) cards
n
1. (Card Games) another word for trump1
2. (Card Games) an old card game similar to whist
vb
another word for trump14
[C16: from Old French roffle; perhaps changed from Italian trionfa trump1]

ruff

(rʌf)
n
(Animals) another name for roughie

ruff1

(rʌf)
n.
1. a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
2. a collar, or set of lengthened or specially marked hairs or feathers, on the neck of an animal.
3. a Eurasian sandpiper, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers during the breeding season. Compare reeve 3.
[1515–25; perhaps back formation from ruffle1]
ruffed, adj.

ruff2

(rʌf)

n.
1. an act or instance of trumping in cards when one cannot follow suit.
2. an old game of cards resembling whist.
v.t., v.i.
3. to trump when unable to follow suit.
[1580–90; probably < French ro(u)ffle, akin to Italian ronfa a card game, probably < German Trumpf trump1]

ruff3

(rʌf)

n.
a small European freshwater fish, Acerina cernua, of the perch family.
[1400–50; Middle English ruf, roffe; perhaps identical with rough]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ruff - an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal
external body part - any body part visible externally
2.ruff - a high tight collarruff - a high tight collar      
collar, neckband - a band that fits around the neck and is usually folded over
fraise - a ruff for the neck worn in the 16th century
3.ruff - common Eurasian sandpiperruff - common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season
sandpiper - any of numerous usually small wading birds having a slender bill and piping call; closely related to the plovers
reeve - female ruff
4.ruff - (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
card game, cards - a game played with playing cards
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
Verb1.ruff - play a trumpruff - play a trump        
card game, cards - a game played with playing cards
move, go - have a turn; make one's move in a game; "Can I go now?"
overtrump - play a trump higher than (one previously played) to the trick
crossruff - trump alternately in two hands

ruff

noun
Related words
female reeve
collective noun hill
Translations
nyakfodor

ruff

1 [rʌf] N
1. (Dress) → gorguera f, gola f
2. (Orn, Zool) → collarín m

ruff

2 [rʌf] (Cards)
A. N
1. (= game) viejo juego de cartas similar al whist
2. (= act of trumping) → fallo m
B. VTfallar

ruff

[ˈrʌf] nfraise f, collerette f

ruff

1
n
(on dress etc, of bird, animal) → Halskrause f
(= bird)Kampfläufer m

ruff

2 (Cards)
nTrumpfen nt
vtitrumpfen, stechen

ruff

[rʌf] n (Dress) → gorgiera (Zool) → collare m