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Related to Tongking: Annam, Tunquin


 (tŏn′kĭn′, tŏng′-)
A historical region of southeast Asia on the Gulf of Tonkin, an arm of the South China Sea, now forming most of northern Vietnam. It was part of French Indochina from 1887 to 1946.

Ton′kin·ese′ (-ēz′, -ēs′) adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈtɒnˈkɪn) or


1. (Placename) a former state of N French Indochina (1883–1946), on the Gulf of Tonkin: forms the largest part of N Vietnam
2. (Placename) Gulf of Tonkin an arm of the South China Sea, bordered by N Vietnam, the Leizhou Peninsula of SW China, and Hainan Island. Length: about 500 km (300 miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɒnˈkɪn, ˈtɒŋ-)

also Tongking

1. a former state in N French Indochina, now part of Vietnam.
2. Gulf of, an arm of the South China Sea, W of Hainan. 300 mi. (485 km) long.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peasants on the Tongking delta dress in cloth made of vegetable matter, build their houses of vegetable matter, use tools mainly made of vegetable mater, and, above all, are mainly vegetarian in diet.
213-54; Li Tana, 'Tongking in the age of commerce', in Anthony Reid and the study of the Southeast Asian past, ed.
The second volume includes topics such as personal connections and comparisons between Korea, China and Japan, the settlement of the Canton delta, trade in the Gulf of Tongking, intelligence agents in Kashmir and the Himalayas, commerce in Burma, the transformations of Chittagong, British surveillance of Iraq's deserts, family relations in Southern Arabia, and Chinese speakers in Soviet Central Asia.
Zhao Tuo's name for his kingdom, "Nanyue," suggested the ancient ethnonym "the Hundred Yue" (bai yue), a collective term for the various peoples south of the Yangtze River to the coastline of the Tongking Gulf.
This species is naturally distributed in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cochin-China, Tongking, southern China, The Philippines, Polynesia, and Malaysia [2,27,58,55,60,35,61,41].
This species naturally distributed in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cochin-China, Tongking, southern China, Philippines, Polynesia, and Malaysia (Axelrod et al, 1971; Jayaram, 1981; Sterba, 1983; Sen, 1985; Talwar and Jhingran, 1991, Kohinoor et al, 1991; Tay et al, 2006).
863 by Fan Chuo [??], an officer member of the Chinese military commander's staff in Tongking. The text exists under various titles.
ich von Balansa sub Nr 4084 gesammelte [??] Zapfen aus Tongking, nahe
The good times ended over the Gulf of Tongking (now Tonkin) in French Indochina (now Vietnam) when a broken connecting rod forced the crew of the Chicago to land in a nearby lagoon.
This was perhaps partly because the Northern Song was focused on northern affairs and thus little commerce was carried out in the Gulf of Tongking area.
In other examples, like the revolutionary states of Indonesia for the East Indies, and Vietnam for the colonial entities of Cochin-China, Annam and Tongking, the names finally adopted were inspirational.