Tokyo(redirected from Tongkyong)
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The capital and largest city of Japan, in east-central Honshu on Tokyo Bay, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. Founded in the 1100s as Edo, the city was renamed Tokyo when it became the imperial capital in 1868. Much of the city was destroyed by an earthquake in 1923 and by bombing raids during World War II.
Word History: The names of Japan's former and current capitals, Kyoto and Tokyo, appear to us to be made up of the same two elements reversed, but in fact they have only one element in common. The elements of Tō-kyō are old borrowings from Middle Chinese: tō means "east" and kyō means "capital," so together they mean "east(ern) capital." Chinese has another word for "capital," pronounced dū, whose Middle Chinese ancestor was borrowed into Japanese as to, "capital, large city." This is found in the name Kyoto, which was Japan's capital from 794 to 1192. The first part of Kyōto, kyō, is in fact the same word for "capital" found in Tokyo. Kyōto thus means "capital city."
(Placename) the capital of Japan, a port on SE Honshu on Tokyo Bay (an inlet of the Pacific): part of the largest conurbation in the world (the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area) of over 35 million people; major industrial centre and the chief cultural centre of Japan. Pop (city proper): 8 025 538 (2002 est)
the capital of Japan, on Tokyo Bay in SE Honshu. 11,618,281.Formerly, Edo, Yedo.
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|Noun||1.||Tokyo - the capital and largest city of Japan; the economic and cultural center of Japan|
Hondo, Honshu - the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan; between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean; regarded as the Japanese mainland