(redirected from Toos)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Idioms.
Related to Toos: Tous, tattoos


also: me too; excessive: too much
Not to be confused with:
to – toward, on, against, upon
two – a number: Take two; they’re small.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree


1. In addition; also: He's coming along too.
2. More than enough; excessively: She worries too much.
3. To a regrettable degree: My error was all too apparent.
4. Very; extremely; immensely: He's only too willing to be of service.
5. Informal Indeed; so: You will too do it!

[Middle English to, from Old English , to, furthermore; see de- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Some people object to the use of not too as an equivalent of not very, as in She was not too pleased with the results. In many contexts this construction is entirely idiomatic and should pass without notice: It wasn't too long ago that deregulation was being hailed as the savior of the savings and loan industry. It was not too bright of them to build in an area where rock slides occur. In these cases not too adds a note of ironic understatement. · Negation of too by can't may sometimes lead to ambiguities, as in You can't check your child's temperature too often, which may mean either that the temperature should be checked only occasionally or that it should be checked as frequently as possible.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. as well; in addition; also: can I come too?.
2. in or to an excessive degree; more than a fitting or desirable amount: I have too many things to do.
3. extremely: you're too kind.
4. informal US and Canadian indeed: used to reinforce a command: you will too do it!.
5. too right! Brit and Austral and NZ certainly; indeed
[Old English tō; related to Old Frisian, Old Saxon to, Old High German zou; see to1]
Usage: See at very
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. in addition; also; furthermore; moreover: young, clever, and rich too.
2. to an excessive or marked degree; beyond what is usual, desirable, fitting, etc.: too sick to travel; too suprised for words.
3. more, as specified, than should be: too near the fire.
4. (used as an emphatic affirmative to contradict a negative statement): I am too!
5. extremely; very (usu. with a negative): none too pleased with the results.
[before 900; Middle English to, Old English, stressed variant of to (adv.), sp. too since the 16th century]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


tooas well

You use also, too, or as well when you are giving more information about something.

1. 'also'

Also is usually used in front of a verb. If there is no auxiliary verb, you put also immediately in front of the verb, unless the verb is be.

I also began to be interested in cricket.
They also helped out.

If the verb is be, you put also after it.

I was also an American.

If there is an auxiliary verb, you put also after the auxiliary verb.

The symptoms of the illness were also described in the book.

If there is more than one auxiliary verb, you put also after the first one.

We'll also be learning about healthy eating.

Also is sometimes put at the beginning of a clause.

She is very intelligent. Also, she is gorgeous.

Be Careful!
Don't put also at the end of a clause.

2. 'too'

You usually put too at the end of a clause.

Now the problem affects middle-class children, too.
I'll miss you, and Steve will, too.

In conversation, too is used after a word or phrase when you are making a brief comment on something that has just been said.

'His father kicked him out of the house.' – 'Quite right, too.'
'They've finished mending the road.' – 'About time, too!'

Too is sometimes put after the first noun phrase in a clause.

I wondered whether I too would become ill.
, Melissa, too, felt miserable.

However, the position of too can make a difference to the meaning of a sentence. 'I am an American too' can mean either 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American' or 'Besides having the other qualities just mentioned, I am an American'. However, 'I too am an American' can only mean 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American'.

Don't put too at the beginning of a sentence.

For more information, see too
3. 'as well'

As well always goes at the end of a clause.

Filter coffee is better for your health than instant coffee. And it tastes nicer as well.
They will have a difficult year next year as well.
4. negatives

You don't usually use 'also', 'too', or 'as well' in negative clauses. Don't say, for example, 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry too'. You say 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry either', 'I'm not hungry and neither is she', or 'I'm not hungry and nor is she'.

Edward wasn't at the ceremony, either.
'I don't normally drink coffee in the evening.' – 'Neither do I.'



So, very, and too can all be used to intensify the meaning of an adjective, an adverb, or a word like much or many.

1. 'very'

Very is a simple intensifier, without any other meaning.

The room was very small.
We finished very quickly.
See very
2. 'so'

So can suggest an emotion in the speaker, such as pleasure, surprise, or disappointment.

Juan makes me so angry!
Oh, thank you so much!

So can also refer forward to a result clause introduced by that.

The traffic was moving so slowly that he arrived three hours late.
3. 'too'

Too suggests an excessive or undesirable amount.

The soup is too salty.
She wears too much make-up.

Too can be used with a to-infinitive or with for to say that a particular result does not or cannot happen.

He was too late to save her.
The water was too cold for swimming.
See too


Too can be an adverb or a grading adverb.

1. used as an adverb

You use too as an adverb to show that what has just been said applies to or includes someone or something else.

Of course, you're a teacher too, aren't you?
Hey, where are you from? Brooklyn? Me too!
2. used as a grading adverb

You use too in front of an adjective or adverb to say that an amount or degree of a quality is more than is needed or wanted.

By then he was far too tall for his little bed.
I realized my mistake too late.

Don't use 'very' in front of too. Don't say, for example, 'The hat was very too small for her'. Say 'The hat was much too small for her' or 'The hat was far too small for her'.

That may seem much too expensive.

You can use rather, slightly, or a bit in front of too.

The dress was rather too small for her.
His hair had grown slightly too long over his ears.
I'm afraid the price may just be a bit too high.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'fairly', 'quite', or 'pretty' in front of too.

You don't normally use too with an adjective in front of a noun. Don't say, for example, 'These are too big boots'. You say 'These boots are too big'.

However, too is sometimes used with an adjective in front of a noun in formal or literary English. A or an is put after the adjective. For example, you can say 'This is too complex a problem to be dealt with here'. Don't say 'This is a too complex problem to be dealt with here'.

That's too easy an answer.
Somehow, Vadim seems too nice a man for the job.
3. used as an intensifier

Some people use too in front of words like kind to say how grateful they are. This is fairly formal.

You're too kind.

However, you don't usually use 'too' in front of an adjective or adverb simply to emphasize it. Don't say, for example, 'I am too pleased with my new car'. The word you use is very.

She was upset and very angry.
Think very carefully.
See very
4. 'too much' and 'too many'

You can use too much with an uncountable noun to say that there is more of something than is needed or wanted.

They said I was earning too much money.

You can also say that there is too little of something.

There would be too little moisture for the plants to grow.

You can use too many with a countable noun to say that there are more people or things than are needed or wanted.

I was making too many mistakes.

You can also say that there are too few people or things.

Too few people nowadays are interested in literature.

You can use much too much or far too much with an uncountable noun to say that there is very much more of something than is necessary or desirable.

This would leave much too much power in the hands of the judges.
These people are getting far too much attention.

You can use far too many with a countable noun to say that there is a much larger number of people or things than is necessary or desirable. Don't say that there are 'much too many' of them.

Every middle-class child gets far too many toys.

Be Careful!
Don't use too much or much too much in front of an adjective which is not followed by a noun. Don't say, for example, 'It's too much hot to play football'. Say 'It's too hot to play football' or 'It's much too hot to play football'.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.too - to a degree exceeding normal or proper limits; "too big"
2.too - in additiontoo - in addition; "he has a Mercedes, too"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. also, as well, further, in addition, moreover, besides, likewise, to boot, into the bargain Depression may be expressed physically too.
2. excessively, very, extremely, overly, unduly, unreasonably, inordinately, exorbitantly, immoderately, over- I'm afraid you're too late; she's gone. see very
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
أَكْثَرُ مِنَ اللازِمأَيْضاًأيْضافَوْقَ الحَد، أكْثَر من اللازِم
גם כןמדי
einnig, líkaof, meira en hæfilegt er
...도 또한너무
pertaip pat
çokdahide, dade/da-emiyecek kadar


[tuː] ADV
1. (= excessively) → demasiado
it's too easyes demasiado fácil
it's too sweetestá demasiado or muy dulce
it's too heavy for me to liftes demasiado pesado para que yo lo levante
it's too hot to drinkestá demasiado caliente para beberlo
it's not too difficultno es muy difícil
too bad!¡mala suerte!, ¡qué le vamos a hacer!, ¡ni modo! (Mex)
it's too early for thates (muy) temprano para eso
it's too good to be trueno puede ser
I'm not too keen on the ideala idea no me hace gracia que digamos
too manydemasiados
too many difficultiesdemasiadas dificultades
too muchdemasiado
too much jamdemasiada mermelada f
he talks too muchhabla demasiado
you gave me a dollar too muchme dio un dólar de más
that's too much by halfde eso sobra la mitad
don't make too much of itno le des mucha importancia
it was all too much for her [emotion] → era demasiado para ella, era más de lo que pudo soportar; [work] → estaba agobiada por tanto trabajo
it's too much for me to cope withyo no puedo con tanto
his rudeness is too muchsu descortesía es intolerable
it's too much! (= fantastic) → ¡qué demasiado!, ¡esto es demasiado!; (= excessive) → esto pasa de la raya, esto pasa de castaño oscuro
too oftencon demasiada frecuencia, muy a menudo
too right!
too true!¡muy bien dicho!, ¡y cómo!
2. (= also) → también; (= moreover) → además
I went tooyo fui también
I speak French and Japanese toohablo francés y también japonés
not only that, he's blind too!no sólo eso, ¡además es ciego!
she is, too!¡y tanto que lo es!
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(= excessively) → trop
It's too sweet → C'est trop sucré.
The water's too hot → L'eau est trop chaude.
We arrived too late → Nous sommes arrivés trop tard.
too much pron (= an excessive amount) → trop; adjtrop de
At Christmas we always eat too much → À Noël nous mangeons toujours trop.
Fifty euros? That's too much → Cinquante euros? C'est trop.
too much to do → trop à faire
We have too much to do today → Nous avons trop à faire aujourd'hui.
too much noise → trop de bruit
too many prontrop; adjtrop de
I couldn't count them, there were too many → Je ne pouvais pas les compter, il y en avait trop.
too many hamburgers → trop de hamburgers
not too ... (= not very) → pas trop ...
I'm not too happy with it → Je n'en suis pas trop content.
all too well, only too well → ne ... que trop bien
She remembered it all too well → Elle ne s'en souvenait que trop bien.
all too easily → bien trop facilement
too bad! → tant pis!
(= also) → aussi
I went too → J'y suis allé aussi.
My sister came too → Ma sœur est venue aussi.
We did learn to read, and quickly too
BUT Nous avons appris à lire, et rapidement en plus.
me too! → moi aussi!
quite right too! → c'est bien ainsi!
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(+adj or adv) → zu; that’s too/not too difficult a question to answerdiese Frage ist zu/nicht zu schwer zu beantworten; too muchzu viel inv; too manyzu viele; he’s had too much to drinker hat zu viel getrunken; you can have too much of a good thingallzu viel ist ungesund (prov); it’s too much for heres ist zu viel für sie; don’t worry too muchmach dir nicht zu viel Sorgen; too much! (inf)geil! (sl), → Klasse! (inf); too right! (inf)das kannste laut sagen (inf)
(= very)zu; all tooallzu …; only toonur zu …; none toogar nicht …, keineswegs; not toonicht zu …; not any toonicht allzu …; he wasn’t too interesteder war nicht allzu interessiert; I’m not/none too sureich bin nicht ganz/gar nicht or keineswegs sicher; (that’s) too kind of you (iro)(das ist) wirklich zu nett von Ihnen; none too soonkeineswegs zu früh; all too soonallzu früh
(= also)auch; HE can swim too, he too can swimer kann AUCH schwimmen, auch ER kann schwimmen
(= moreover, into the bargain)auch noch; it was really cheap, and it works too!es war wirklich billig, und es funktioniert sogar or auch noch!; they asked for a price reduction too!sie wollten auch noch einen Preisnachlass!
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[tuː] adv
a. (excessively) → troppo
it's too sweet → è troppo dolce
it's too sweet for me to drink → non lo bevo, è troppo dolce per me
it's too heavy for me → è troppo pesante per me
it's too heavy for me to lift → non riesco a sollevarlo, è troppo pesante per me
it's too good to be true → è troppo bello per essere vero
I'm not too sure about that → non ne sono troppo sicuro
too much → troppo/a
too many → troppi/e
too bad! (unsympathetic) → tanto peggio! (expressing regret) → che peccato!
b. (also) → anche; (moreover) → per di più
I went too → ci sono andato anch'io
I speak French and Japanese too → parlo il francese e (anche) il giapponese
not only that, he's blind too! → non solo, ma è anche cieco!
he's famous, intelligent and rich too → è famoso, intelligente e per di più anche ricco
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(tuː) adverb
1. to a greater extent, or more, than is required, desirable or suitable. He's too fat for his clothes; I'm not feeling too well.
2. in addition; also; as well. My husband likes cycling, and I do, too.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


أَكْثَرُ مِنَ اللازِم, أَيْضاً příliš, také for, også zu επίσης, πάρα πολύ demasiado, también liian, myös aussi, trop previše, također anche, troppo ・・・すぎる, また ...도 또한, 너무 ook, te altfor również, zbyt demasiado, também слишком, также för, också เกินไป, อีกด้วย çok, de, da cũng, quá
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


adv. además; también; asimismo; demasiado.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
Nicola Gaskin knows only too well the pain of losing a baby, both before and after birth.
From the beginning of 2019, Ayegh Khodro Toos will produce carpet systems, inner dashes and floor insulators as well as trunk trims in its Mashhad plant in the northeast of the country for Iran-producing car manufacturers Iran Khodro and PSA.
"After the black box is found, we are able to issue a preliminary report in one month," said Toos Sanitioso, an investigator with the National Committee for Transportation Safety on Friday.
This is so important." But Toos Sanitiyoso, an air safety investigator with the National Committee for Transportation Safety, said it could take a week to find the black box, suggesting there was still doubt over the plane's location.
The ( biggest draw with the Passport is its square shape which stands out among the sea of smartphone me toos that sport a rectangular shape.
The IRGC fully controls 28 publicly traded companies, including key players such as the Telecommunication Company of Iran, Ansar Bank and Toos Gostar Urban Development.
toos "For us, the weekend is really important," James said.
HIDDEN TAT TOOS Tattoo Secret is a clever cosmetic camouflage kit for occasions when a visible tattoo simply won't do, such as weddings, interviews, parties and even the beach.
Panel eleven consisting of Toos Streng and Ton van Kalmthout presented the "Database Streng" (DAST) on Dutch novels, its conversion into the open access database "Literature in Operation" (LION) and compared these with the WomenWriters database.
With regard to the significant interaction between genotype and conditions, the highest average CCI values were observed in Sissons and Toos, and lowest average CCI values were observed in Sardari (Table 2).