The Lepidoptera ofthe Tortricidae
family are economically important owing to their polyphagous capacity (Brown et al., 2008).
Common insect pests of maples include flatheaded appletree borer (Chrysobothris femorata [Olivier]) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), ambrosia beetles (e.g., Xylosandrus crassiusculus [Motschulsky]) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), maple and two-spotted spider mites (Oligonychus aceris [Shimer] and Tetranychus urticae Koch) (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae), maple shoot borer (Proteoteras aesculana Riley) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
), maple leaftier (Episimus tyrius Heinrich) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
), potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae [Harris]) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), and various species of armored and soft scales (Hemiptera) (Frank et al.
Oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busk, 1916) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
), is the most important peach pest worldwide (SHEARER, USMANI, 2001; LLANOS; MARIN, 2004; TIMM et al., 2008).
Habitat manipulation of the apple orchard floor to increase ground-dwelling predators and predation of Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
Effects of artificial and western spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
) defoliation on growth and biomass allocation of douglas-fir seedlings, Journal of Economic Entomology, Lanham, v.
(2010) with Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
) (apple moth), the pupae were also less susceptible than the larvae, and in the work of Ebssa and Koppenhofer (2012), mortality rate of A.
Wenzel, "Extreme intraspecific variation in Hystrichophora (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
) genitalia - Questioning the lock-and-key hypothesis," Annales Zoologici Fennici, vol.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PARASITOD CALLIEPHIALTES GRAPHOLITHAE CRESSON (HYMENOPTERA: ICHNEUMONIDAE) AND LARVAE OF CYDIA CARYANA FITCH (LEPIDOPTERA: TORTRICIDAE
The oriental fruit moth Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
) is native from China and is now distributed throughout temperate regions of the world, being considered the most important pest in apple and peach orchards in Brazil (BOTTON et al., 2011).
Effects of Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae
) egg age, density, and UV treatment on parasitism and development of Trichogramma cacoeciae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).