Toussaint L'Ouverture François Dominique
Tous·saint L'Ou·ver·ture(to͞o-săN′ lo͞o-vĕr-tür′), François Dominique 1743?-1803.
Haitian military and political leader who led a successful slave insurrection (1791-1793) and helped the French expel the British from Haiti (1798). In 1801 he invaded Spanish Santo Domingo and briefly maintained control over the entire island, establishing the first black-led government in the Americas. After Napoleon's troops invaded, he was arrested and deported to France (1802).