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Toyn·bee(toin′bē), Arnold Joseph 1889-1975.
British historian and educator who studied cyclical patterns in the growth and decline of civilizations and is noted for his 12-volume Study of History (1934-1961).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Biography) Arnold 1852–83, British economist and social reformer, after whom Toynbee Hall, a residential settlement in East London, is named
2. (Biography) his nephew, Arnold Joseph. 1889–1975, British historian. In his chief work, A Study of History (1934–61), he attempted to analyse the principles determining the rise and fall of civilizations
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Arnold J(oseph), 1889–1975, English historian.
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