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 (toin′bē), Arnold Joseph 1889-1975.
British historian and educator who studied cyclical patterns in the growth and decline of civilizations and is noted for his 12-volume Study of History (1934-1961).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Biography) Arnold 1852–83, British economist and social reformer, after whom Toynbee Hall, a residential settlement in East London, is named
2. (Biography) his nephew, Arnold Joseph. 1889–1975, British historian. In his chief work, A Study of History (1934–61), he attempted to analyse the principles determining the rise and fall of civilizations
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɔɪn bi)

Arnold J(oseph), 1889–1975, English historian.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Toynbee - English historian who studied the rise and fall of civilizations looking for cyclical patterns (1889-1975)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The key to China's legend is rooted in Toynbee's Challenge and Response Theory.
Toynbee, a British historian, every civilisation is subject to both rise and fall.
In the mid-1960s, Carlos Fernandez, CEO of the shipping company Compania Maritima, invited the English historian Arnold Toynbee, to address the Columbian Club on Taft Avenue.At the time, Toynbee'smagnum opus,A Study of History, had elicited worldwide commentary.
I didn't hear the Prime Minister telling Polly Toynbee that she should apologise after she wrote that the burka is a public tarring and feathering of female sexuality.
I didn't hear the Prime Minister telling Polly Toynbee that she should apologise after she wrote that the burka with its sinister, airless little grill, is a public tarring and feathering of female sexuality.
This led him to formulate what the 20th-century English historian Arnold Toynbee has described as 'a philosophy of history which is undoubtedly the greatest work of its kind that has ever yet been created by any mind in any time or place,' Thinkers as diverse as Ernest Gellner and Arnold Toynbee have paid tribute to the lasting fertility of Kaldun's work.
Was ever there a more crassly inept politician than Jeremy Corbyn, whose every impulse is to make the wrong call on everything?" Left-wing commentator Polly Toynbee "I hate weddings.
Among the topics are the Jewish intellectual in politics: new factors in an ancient tradition, European history: seedbed of the Holocaust, reflections of a historian in Jerusalem, the argument between Arabs and Jews: an exchange between Arnold Toynbee and J.
The rest comes all on its own" James Bond actress Monica Bellucci, 51 "My spirit animal is a sloth" Dawn French "One of the maddest deals ever struck by any government" Political commentator Polly Toynbee on the news that a Chinese statecontrolled company, with a minority French state partner, will build and control massive nuclear power plants at Hinkley Point, Bradwell in Essex and Sizewell "Sometimes you hit a funny scene and you have to milk it until it's not funny anymore, so you know you've wrung every potential bit of comedy out of it" Steve Coogan on comedy writing
As an astute historian, Kissinger was surely aware of what Arnold Joseph Toynbee -- the author of the monumental 12-volume A Study of History -- once wrote, namely that Islam -- "Political Sunnism" -- would return to write its own renewed chapter.