After induction with propofol (2 mg/kg; Propofol; Fresenius Kabi, Graz, Austria) and fentanyl (1 [micro]g/kg; Talinat; Vem Ilac, Ankara, Turkiye) and intubation facilitated by atracurium (Tracrium
; GSK, S.p.A, Italia), anesthesia was maintained with air and [O.sub.2] and TIVA with propofol and remifentanil (Ultiva; GSK, S.p.A, Italia).
As the animal's breathing pattern did not improve, atracurium (0.2mg[kg.sup.-1], Tracrium
Injection, GlaxoSmithKline, UK) was administered intravenously and intermittent positive pressure ventilation (Penlon Nuffield 200 ventilator) was started to maintain eucapnia (PE'C[O.sub.2] 35-45 mmHg).
They are Alcuronium, Atracurium (atrilix, tracrium
, acuran), cisatracurium, daxacurium, mivacurium, pancurium (pavilon), vecuronium (norcurium), pipecuronium, rocuronium (esmeron) and rapacuroniums.