To address this issue, a team of researchers including Di Lorenzo and former graduate student Michael Weiss aimed to detail the effects of obesity on responses to taste stimuli in the nucleus tractus solitarius
, a part of the brain involved with taste processing.
Vagal afferents from the stretch receptors of the lungs are connected with the nucleus tractus solitarius
from which fibers ascend to the limbic areas, thalamus, and anterior cortical areas.
Extended secondhand tobacco smoke exposure induces plasticity in nucleus tractus solitarius
second-order lung afferent neurons in young guinea pigs.
Descending analgesic pathways are activated through nucleus tractus solitarius
by increased vagal stimulation.
Pathogenesis of cognitive dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A hypothesis with emphasis on the nucleus tractus solitarius
. Sleep Disord 2012;2012:251096.
nucleus tractus solitarius
, area postrema), which are responsible for the co-ordination of the efferent limb of the vomiting reflex.
GLP-1 is an anorexigenic and glucoregulatory hormone secreted by the intestinal L cells and by the nucleus tractus solitarius
of the brainstem.
These studies demonstrated that GDNF-family receptor a-like (GFRAL) served as a receptor of GDF15 signalling in the hindbrain (i.e., area postrema and nucleus tractus solitarius
) which was required for the metabolic effects of GDF15 [9-11].
 contend in a meta-analysis that dynamic connections between the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex, which evaluate threat and safety, help regulate HRV through their connections with the nucleus tractus solitarius
Other pharmacologic approaches to pain management include utilizing the antidepressant class such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline or the newer amine reuptake inhibitors such as the SNRI duloxetine, which exert their effects through a multiplicity of mechanisms of action [14, 15] including descending inhibition via the nucleus tractus solitarius
Unlike other reported cases, CAH in our patient was related to compression and swelling of the medulla, subsequently affecting both the ventral (pre-Botzinger nucleus and vagus nucleus ambiguus) and dorsal (nucleus tractus solitarius
) respiratory groups of the autonomic breathing center .
Longhurst, "GABA in nucleus tractus solitarius
participates in electroacupuncture modulation of cardiopulmonary bradycardia reflex," American Journal of Physiology Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.