Operating and maintenance costs per train mile
in real terms have fallen by 77p to Au7.61 during the last year - down from Au11.64 seven years ago, the company said.
And the accident rate per train mile
is far better than in many countries.
Fink, a civil engineer and general manager of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad during the 1870s, studied his railroad's cost behavior and developed a set of statistics for each division based on data comparable among routes, such as the cost per train mile
, the cost per locomotive mile, and fuel consumed per locomotive mile.
"Whilst in size it accounts for just over 15% of train miles
in the Wales Route, it carries around 56% of all Wales and Borders passenger services each day.
Grand Central, which operates two routes linking 15 stations in the North East and Yorkshire with London, covers more than 1.5m train miles
and carries more than 1.4m passenger journeys every year.
So, er, boss man, you're on a train miles
away and someone who has never been to Liverpool asks you to describe the place and your feelings about it.
Although the rate of all rail incidents has declined sharply since 1980, less improvement has been observed in recent years; the rail incident rate per million train miles
actually increased from 3.76 in 2002 to 4.38 in 2004, before decreasing to 4.08 in 2005 (6).
The rate for train accidents--those involving only railroad equipment and employees--was 4.38 per million train miles
in 2004, the highest in the past 10 years.
All these changes are summarized by one variable, the ratio of caboose miles to freight train miles
, or, approximately, the fraction of freight train miles
operated with cabooses.
..." Braddock, mortally wounded, tried to organize an orderly retreat, but his men broke and ran, even over-running their baggage train miles
in the rear.
Appalled by a jump in the number of broken rails, the Health and Safety Executive wrote: "Rail breaks on the Railtrack infrastructure rose from 2.75 to 3.31 per million train miles
. This increase is very disturbing, given the sudden and substantial nature of the rise, especially since Railtrack's own predictions forecast a significant r eduction for this period."