Maximum study participant was non-vegetarians and 388 (54.6%) study participants were consuming transfatty acids
. The prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes was 270 (38.0%), 310 (43.4%), and 148 (20.8%), respectively.
Unlike other dietary fats, transfat, also called transfatty acids
, raises your low-density lipoprotein or LDL ("bad") cholesterol and lowers your high-density lipoprotetin or HDL ("good") cholesterol.
This is a healthier practice instead of eating high fat content snacks from unhealthy sources such high energy condense food items (fried food, confectionary snacks, etc.) which are known to contain SFAs and transfatty acids
Many studies have reported that replacing saturated fat and transfatty acids
with unsaturated fat, especially n-3 fatty acids, is more effective in lowering the risk of coronary heart disease than simply reducing total fat consumption .
Baked and fried foods, packaged snacks and meat constitute major source of transfatty acids
(TFA) which are clearly atherogenic, raising LDL-C, TG and Lipoprotein a [Lp (a)], lowering HDL-C, increasing TC/HDL-C ratio and Apo B/Apo A1 ratio, promoting inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, adiposity, insulin resistance and arrhythmia.
A study -- conducted jointly by National Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol ( N- DOC) Foundation, IIT- Delhi and Diabetes Foundation of India ( DFI) -- has revealed that re- use of oil in home- cooked food forms heavy dose of transfatty acids
My tub of Lurpak is full of vegetable oil, which is made from evil transfatty acids
. A block of ordinary, impossible-to-spread butter would be much better.
Hydrogenated oils have transfatty acids
added to prolong shelf life, and are found in margarine and many baked goods.
Natarajan, and Ghafoorunissa, "Dietary transfatty acids
alter adipocyte plasma membrane fatty acid composition and insulin sensitivity in rats," Metabolism, vol.
Previous research has linked high consumption of transfatty acids
to cardiovascular disease.
 For the purpose of this article, the acronym TFA refers to artificially or industrially produced transfatty acids
Figure 1 illustrates the chemical structures of saturated fat, cisunsaturated fatty acids, and transfatty acids