The foundation of the League was laid by the Alexandria Protocol of 1944 issued by representatives of Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Transjordan
: The Ammonites, Moabites, and Edomites," weaves a coherent picture of these three Transjordanian people groups, focusing on the myriad of inscriptions found in each of these West Semitic states.
Another candidate is Assyria, which built similar compounds in Transjordan
, but it was too far away at that time (until the campaign of Assyrian King Sennacherib in 701 BCE.).
To consolidate power and solidify the Transjordan
border, HM King Abdullah invested heavily in social welfare.
The Parade is an annual national military spectacle, inspired by a tradition that dates back to the establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan
, reflecting discipline and precision through well-coordinated marches.
So too was Yemen and Iraq, with Egypt, Lebanon and what was then Transjordan
, now Jordan.
The following day, the armies of four Arab countriesEgypt, Syria, Transjordan
and Iraq entered what had been British Mandatory Palestine, launching the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
Pictured from left to right: Prince Abdullah bin Ali Al-Hashemi, the guardian of Iraq's throne, Prince Abdullah of the Emirate of Transjordan
, King Farouk of Egypt & King Saud bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud of Saudi Arabia.
In 1943, the Jewish Agency set up 'hiker parties [that] were systematically preparing for the emergence of the Jewish state (with designs to also take over Transjordan
and Lebanon) through the predetermined expulsion of Palestinians who, according to Weizmann, "need to "be told firmly" that they will never have a state" yet intending to allow for a small percentage to stay on as cheap labor;
The famed Israeli Defense Force known as the IDF was not organized until the then five armies of Egypt, Syria, Transjordan
, Lebanon, and Iraq began invading the new state of Israel - within hours after the declaration of Israeli independence in the afternoon of May 14, 1948.
Then in 1921 Winston Churchill, newly appointed as the Colonial Secretary, called a conference in Cairo which decided that the territory east of the Jordan river would be turned into an Arab kingdom called Transjordan
(later just Jordan), and Jewish settlement was forbidden there.