Lesotho, which accede to internationally recognized political independence in 1966, and Transkei
, which became the first South African bantustan to progress to (internationally unrecognized) independence in 1976, both served historically as labour reservoirs for the South African mines, agriculture and industry, offering minimal formal employment opportunities for their territorial populations.
The daughter of a paramount chief in Pondoland, Transkei
, and the first woman prime minister of the Transkei
"homeland," Sigcau was ousted in 1987 in a bloodless military coup after only 68 days in office.
User Steve posted (http://www.avcom.co.za/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=185829) the photos Friday on the forum, writing that they were "some items that washed up on a beach on the Transkei
coast near East London" in southeastern South Africa.
He moved to South Africa after transferring his credits from the University of Nairobi, where he was studying for a Bachelor's of Education degree, to the University of Transkei
to study commerce.
Over 6 weeks it scythed through the Cape, the then Orange Free State, and the Ciskei and Transkei
, and indeed across the country, as far north as Messina.
Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, Transkei
, South Africa, and was a member of the anti-apartheid movement in his 20s.
The exhibition will take visitors on Mandela's life journey, from his beginnings in rural Mvezo, Transkei
, through decades of turbulent struggle against apartheid, to his vindication and final years as South Africa's first black president.
He was followed by Ronnie Callander, a very senior member of the club, who chose to interpret his subject Day Dreaming into one of reminiscences of his love of travelling over the Transkei
land of South Africa.
A quartet of rectangular maps, each titled Homelands as Ubhaco, 2017, describes the political territory and flags of Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Transkei
, and Venda, nominally independent black nations created by the apartheid state.
Noxolo Mlingwa was bom in 1978 in the (then) Transkei
"We have the music from the hills of the Transkei
, the songs of the shebeens from the townships, the struggle songs of the fight for freedom, and the songs of joy when he is released from prison."
The Eastern Cape, home to the impoverished Transkei
and Ciskei Bantustans, sent a steady stream of migrants to the Cape Flats in search of wage labor, but these migrants were effectively shut out of housing by the Group Areas Act (27).