rote learning, transmissionist
teaching), whereas those who hold relativist/evaluativist personal epistemologies tend to exhibit availing beliefs about learning and teaching (i.
Moreover, the fundamental issue is to shift the teachers' epistemological and educational beliefs from being a transmissionist
and behaviorist to being a socio-constructivist--without the shift, all the curricular mobilization efforts will become a mere formality.
It was found that the participants generally enacted a transmissionist
ideology whereas the new curriculum was intended as socio-constructivist.
Another way of understanding how mutual learning works in L4L is to shift from traditional metaphors of learning as either transmissionist
or constructivist, to a view of learning as participation in communities of practice (Sfard, 1998).
It is therefore, necessary to rethink learning environments such as the classroom, from diverse and complex perspectives that approach the learning environment from ludic activities, aesthetics and the new technological mediations, in order to highlight the axis on which we could base a much deeper reflection on contemporary education beyond the instrumentalist, transmissionist
and disciplinary principles.
10 By and large, over the centuries, the way in which performance assessments were designed and used reflected this transmissionist
view of teaching and learning.
In practice, however, both face-to-face and information and communications technology (ICT)-based distance programs often rely on transmissionist
, teacher-centered provision of information rather than on interactive, student-centered construction of knowledge.
To these transmissionists
, scientific knowledge exists totally independent of one's mind and is forever static and unchanging.