transposon

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Related to Transposable element: Jumping genes

trans·po·son

 (trăns-pō′zŏn)
n.
A segment of DNA that is capable of moving into a new position within the same or another chromosome or plasmid. Also called jumping gene.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

transposon

(trænsˈpəʊzɒn)
n
(Genetics) genetics a genetic element that can move from one site in a chromosome to another site in the same or a different chromosome and thus alter the genetic constitution of the organism
[C20: from transpos(e) + -on]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

trans•po•son

(trænsˈpoʊ zɒn)

n.
a gene or set of genes capable of inserting copies of itself into other DNA sites within the same cell. Also called jumping gene.
[1974; transpos (ition) + -on1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.transposon - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jordan, "Transposable element polymorphisms recapitulate human evolution," Mobile DNA, vol.
The naturally occurring variation is the insertion of a transposable element - an invasive snippet of DNA - at a specific position on Indy.
`Harnessing the Hermes transposable element as a vector will permit the implementation of powerful genetic research programs to investigate the biology of insects significant to human health and welfare,' Atkinson says.
"When the transposable element is present in the gene, it turns off the gene function, producing sections on the corn plant that have no wax.
Mutants of Psm using pTn5cat1 were obtained through conjugal transfer of pMC505 containing the transposable element from the auxotrophic strain E.
The DNA transposons are the oldest type of transposable element and are largely completely degenerate as a result of deletion and truncation events over time.
The Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin gene is on a transposable element in type A human food poisoning strains.
[5] Human genes: SLA, Src-like-adaptor; LST1, leukocyte-specific transcript 1; BENE, BENE protein; KRT24, keratin 24; C9orf3, chromosome 9 open reading frame 3; KIAA0779, KIAA0779 protein; TMCC1, transmembrane and coiledcoil domain family 1; ZNF292, zinc finger protein 292; LOC153222, adult retina protein; CBEP4, cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein4; TICD2, tigger transposable element derived 2; UBAP2, ubiquitin associated protein 2; AVPI1, arginine vasopressin-induced 1; KIAA0669, the same as TSC22D2; TSC22D2, TSC22 domain family, member 2; DHFR, dihydrofolate reductase; MTR, 5-methoyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase; ATIC, 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide; KA36, type I hair keratin; KRT4, Keratin 4; KRT9, Keratin 9.
Paabo, "Sex chromosomal transposable element accumulation and male-driven substitutional evolution in humans," Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol.
Recently, in a few cases, these determinants have also been detected on integrons and a novel conjugative transposable element, SXT.
Evidence for horizontal transmission of the P transposable element between Drosophila species.

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