35) Section 214 of the USA PATRIOT Act changes the standard for issuing pen registers and trap and trace orders.
Criminal pen register and trap and trace orders are no longer limited to the geographic area within the jurisdiction of the issuing court.
Centered on the local Class 5 switch, the three primary techniques of lawfully-authorized electronic surveillance are available to law enforcement: pen registers, trap and trace
devices, and content interceptions.
The three primary techniques of lawfully authorized electronic surveillance available to law enforcement are pen registers, trap and trace devices, and content interceptions.
These delays are impeding, and will continue to impede, the ability of law enforcement to effect lawfully authorized pen register and trap and trace orders.
Sentinel also provides assistance to law enforcement through various network intelligence applications such as subscriber profiling, call trap and trace
, call forwarding detection, and call pattern matching.
At this point, traditional law enforcement techniques such as arrest warrants, search warrants, trap and trace
, or other techniques come into play.
Some courts have added two other techniques, the pen register and the trap and trace.
Some courts have added the pen register and the trap and trace to the list of standard investigative techniques.