spectacled bear

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spectacled bear

n.
A bear (Tremarctos ornatus) having black to brown fur with light-colored markings around the eyes and inhabiting forested regions from Venezuela to Bolivia. It is the only bear species native to South America. Also called Andean bear.
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Today this group is restricted to the family Ursidae, subdivided in three subfamilies (Ursinae, Tremarctinae and Ailuropodinae).
Medium sized Ursidae with a more primitive general morphology in the dentition than in the Ursinae and Tremarctinae, with less reduced premolars, and well-developed carnassials, except in some teeth of Ailuropoda melanoleuca, which have severe autapomorphies.
2008); con la descripcion del oso Tremarctinae, Arctotherium asociado a Borophagus hilli, lo que sugiere una edad Blancano, mas antigua que la inicialmente propuesta por Cisneros (2005).