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tre·pan 1

1. A rock-boring tool used in mining for sinking shafts.
2. Medicine A trephine.
tr.v. tre·panned, tre·pan·ning, tre·pans
1. To bore (a shaft) with a trepan.
2. To bore or otherwise make a hole in (the skull), as in certain prehistoric cultures or in surgery using a trephine.

[Middle English trepane, surgical crown saw, from Medieval Latin trepanum, from Greek trūpanon, borer, from trūpān, to pierce, from trūpē, hole; see terə- in Indo-European roots.]

trep′a·na′tion (trĕp′ə-nā′shən) n.

tre·pan 2

 (trĭ-păn′) Archaic
tr.v. tre·panned, tre·pan·ning, tre·pans
To trap; ensnare.
1. A trickster.
2. A trick or snare.

[Origin unknown.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n. trepanación, perforación del cráneo con un instrumento especial para reducir el aumento de la presión intracraneal causada por fractura, acumulación de sangre o pus.
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