treponema

(redirected from Treponema denticola)
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Related to Treponema denticola: Borrelia burgdorferi, Tannerella forsythia

trep·o·ne·ma

 (trĕp′ə-nē′mə)
n. pl. trep·o·ne·ma·ta (-mə-tə) or trep·o·ne·mas
Any of a group of spirochetes of the genus Treponema, including those that cause syphilis, pinta, and yaws.

[New Latin Treponēma, genus name : Greek trepein, to turn; see trep- in Indo-European roots + Greek nēma, thread; see (s)nē- in Indo-European roots.]

trep′o·ne′mal, trep′o·nem′a·tous (-nĕm′ə-təs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

treponema

(ˌtrɛpəˈniːmə) or

treponeme

n, pl -nemas, -nemata (-ˈniːmətə) or -nemes
(Microbiology) any anaerobic spirochaete bacterium of the genus Treponema, such as T. pallidum which causes syphilis
[C19: from New Latin, from Greek trepein to turn + nēma thread]
treponematous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

trep•o•ne•ma

(ˌtrɛp əˈni mə)

n., pl. -mas, -ma•ta (-mə tə)
any of several spirochetes of the genus Treponema, certain species of which cause diseases in warm-blooded animals, as the syphilis spirochete in humans.
[< New Latin (1905) < Greek trép(ein) to turn + -o- -o- + nêma thread]
trep`o•nem′a•tous, trep`o•ne′mal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.treponema - spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
spirochaete, spirochete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
genus Treponema - type genus of Treponemataceae: anaerobic spirochetes with an undulating rigid body; parasitic in warm-blooded animals
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

treponema

n. treponema, parásito de la orden Spirochaetales que invade a humanos y animales;
___ pallidum___ pallidum, parásito causante de la sífilis.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The 10 species identified by the ParoCheck10[R] microarray detection system were as follows: The red complex: Porphyromonasgingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola; the orange complex: Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Parvimonas micra and Prevotella intermedia; the green complex: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Eikenella corrodens; the blue complex: Actinomyces viscosus (12).
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) (formerly Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) are the major pathogenic bacteria species in the etiology of periodontal diseases, whereas the normal oral flora related to the disease are Prevotella intermedia (Pi), Tannerella forsythia (Tf) and Treponema denticola (Td) (7-9).
The red complex, which includes Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia (formerly Bacteroides forsythus), encompasses the most important pathogens in adult periodontal disease.
Genetic exchange between Treponema denticola and Streptococcus gordonii in biofilms.
Last November they published a report in the British Journal of Cancer, where they found a link between Treponema denticola, which is the type of bacteria that causes gum disease, and some forms of cancer.
and Rocas [39] which revealed that Treponema denticola, Treponema socranskii, Treponema maltophilum, Treponema amylovorum, and Treponema medium were from the most prevalent species in Treponema.
Chronic periodontitis is strongly associated with the presence of Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria in subgingival plaque, in particular, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola. Although initiated by bacteria, the bone pathology in CPD is mediated almost entirely by the host response that is thought to be responsible for the local tissue destruction observed in periodontitis [230].
Microbiological studies have demonstrated Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Treponema denticola organisms, suggesting that many pathogens may be involved in the disease process.13 Previous case reports and studies have reported that A.
Levels of interleukin IL-1[beta], IL-8 and IL-10 in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were evaluated by ELISA, as well as the expression of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, (Aa) Tannerella forsythia (Tf), and Treponema denticola (Td), by qPCR.
It is a multifactorial inflammatory disease elicited by a complex of several bacterial species in the subgingival biofilm, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and Fusobacterium nucleatum.
Periodontopathogenic bacteria particularly the red complex group (Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia) are the main causative agents of periodontal diseases [6].
gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetem comitans and Treponema denticola) were measured with microbe-specific DNA probes.