In the case of the Czechoslovak federation, however, the idea of equality of both chambers have been brought forth, by adoption of the prohibition of outnumbering applications, in which the Czech and Slovak parts of the Chamber of Nations voted separately, under the conditions of perfect symmetric bicameralism, or perhaps better said tricameralism
. "Where under this act constitutional prohibition of outnumbering is applied, vote in the Chamber of Nations is counted separately for deputies elected in the Czech Socialist Republic and deputies elected in the Slovak Socialist Republic.
If enhanced presidential power seems too scary, then the solution might lie in reducing, if not eliminating, the president's power to veto legislation and to return to true bicameralism, instead of the tricameralism
we effectively operate under.
Muharram became an important popular cultural vehicle for establishing cohesion among Indians in Durban and defining a community based on Indian national identity (Vahed 2002), which could be used variously for a bolstering of diaspora politics, for the development of South African Indian Congress nationalism, and later on for manoeuvring and accommodation within the tricameralism
of 'high' Apartheid.
It is intriguing to contemplate China embracing some sort of innovative democratic experiment, combining tricameralism
with deliberative democracy methods to mold a new separation of powers - and thus a new type of political accountability.
that our system of tricameralism
typically requires more than a
Federalism and tricameralism were the cornerstones of the original Constitution.
(3) Second, tricameralism has declined with the rise of the modern administrative state because, pursuant to congressional delegation, administrative agencies may impose regulations without overcoming the hurdle of legislative passage in two houses and presidential approval.
The federalism executive order (4) and the regulatory review executive order (5) revive the key constitutional principles of federalism and tricameralism and strengthen their objectives for the modern era.
It is difficult to see how we went from Iroquois tricameralism
to unicameralism in the Articles of Confederation and then to bicameralism in the U.S.
901, 902 (2001) (arguing that presidential federalism orders are necessary correctives for declines in federalism and tricameralism
wrought by the administrative state).
Consider the prospects for tricameralism. They seem dim.
obvious stopping point, making safety from tricameralism seem almost