TABLE IV Chi-square Statistics Based on the Likelihood Ratio Tests of Alternative Model Specifications (p-values in parentheses) Maintain Weakest-Link Maintain Best-Shot Country Model Model Triple Alliance Italy(a) 9.33 (.00) NA Germany(b) NA 2.56 (.11) Austria 3.01 (.08) .137 (.71) Triple Entente
United Kingdom(a) 1.02 (.31) NA Russia(b) NA 2.96 (.09) France 6.75 (.01) 11.79 (.00) Warsaw Pact Hungary(a) 1.76 (.18) NA Soviet Union(b) NA .88 (.35) Bulgaria 4.22 (.04) 2.58 (.11) Czechoslovakia .00 (.98) .43 (.51) E.
There was the Triple Entente
(Great Britain, France, and Russia) on one side and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) on the other.
Such an alliance represents something seen before in diplomatic history: a "diplomatic revolution." Examples include the alliance between France and Austria, bitter rivals, to face the new threat of Frederick the Great's Prussia in the Seven Years War--he beat them both--and the joining of France, Russia, and Britain, long-time opponents, against Germany in the Triple Entente
before World War I.
Although no formal treaty bound Great Britain to the members of the Dual Alliance, Great Britain, France, and Russia generally acted as a group in diplomatic affairs, standing together in what became known as the Triple Entente
, as a counterbalance to the Triple Alliance.
By 1914 Europe was divided into two blocs: the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy on the one hand and the Triple Entente
of France, Russia and Britain on the other.
In this ambitious book, Weitsman, using as case studies European alliances between 1873 and 1918 (the two Leagues of the Three Emperors, the Dual and the Triple Alliance, and the Triple Entente
), aims at building a single theoretical framework to explain military alliance formation, cohesion, and dynamics in peacetime as well as in wartime, while offering two new concepts of alliance theory, "hedging" and "tethering."
The challenge faced by military decision makers in Berlin and Vienna was how adequately to organize resources and transport facilities to carry out a two, and possibly three-front war against the Triple Entente
and its allies.
Since the day of its secret creation more than a century ago on the Triple Entente
maps of Britain and France - the infamous Sykes-Picot agreement that drew lines in the sand - Iraq's territorial boundaries, for better or worse, are now unequivocally defined.
At the end of the war, the empire was occupied and dismembered by the victorious allies of the Triple Entente