Chapter 3 is about the operations of Esref in the Tripolitanian
War (Turco-Italian War) where he smuggled Turkish officers to Tripoli through Egypt and formed local paramilitary groups from the Bedouins.
Because he returned from North Africa late after the Tripolitanian
war with Italy in 1911, Kemal couldn't take part in the first Balkan war, but in the second conflict (1913), he was posted at Thrace and the Gallipoli peninsula, where he saw little action.
The main success is the Pelagian Basin (or Tripolitanian
Shelf) in the Gulf of Gabes, where Libya's producing offshore field is el-Bouri.
A squadron of ships was sent to the Mediterranean and, when threatened by Tripolitanian
pirates, engaged them in battle.
It is not a coincidence, on the centennial anniversary of the Tripolitanian
War, Turkey is again at the centre of the Libya issue, helping its Libyan brothers.
16, 1918, that a group of Libyans opposed to Italian colonial rule, among them Sewelhi's grandfather, Ramadan, met in the local mosque and declared the creation of a Tripolitanian
1929) was a prominent member of the Tripolitanian
Under their tuition I have attempted to acquire a Tripolitanian
accent, where questions rise in the penultimate syllable and end in an elongated flat sound.
It is fundamentally different from Tripolitanian
Arabic and by implication, other varieties in North Africa (see Owens 1983), and shares what probably are historically specific syllable structure traits with various Iraqi, Gulf, and Saudi Arabian dialects.
Educated in local and state schools and sent to London for medical training, Abd al-Rahman Azzam became involved in the National Party under Muhammad Farid (whose Egyptian patriotism was augmented by Pan-Islamic beliefs) and hence became a volunteer medic for the Ottoman army in the Balkan and Tripolitanian
conflicts before, during, and after World War I.
In those fifteen years, the numbers of British captives in North Africa reached the highest yet in England's and Scotland's history: thousands of men, women and children were captured by Algerian, Tunisian, Tripolitanian
, and Moroccan privateers, some to be ransomed, but others to remain in captivity.