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Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.


(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj


(ˈtɜr pin)

1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: One new taraxastane type triterpene (1) along with eight known compounds have been isolated from chloroform soluble fraction of Hypericum oblongifolium.
A versatile, easy-to-use fluid, shea oil contains a high content of triterpene esters and contributes excellent anti-frizz properties, moisturization and glide.
The present study highlighted that sessile oak contained more sweet triterpenoids, whereas pedunculate oak was richer in bitter triterpene.
asiatica contain the highest amount of triterpene, Ling et al.
5) Triterpene alcohols are known to display various biological activities; the primary nonglyceride components of shea butter are believed to be triterpene alcohols (including alpha- and beta-amyrin, lupeol, and butyrospermol).
2+] concentration, which could also be involved in the demonstrated antiadipogenic effect of this triterpene.
The analysis of plant extracts using GC-MS and other methods revealed the presence of triterpene compounds, urs-12-ene, olean-12-ene-acetoxy, betulin, ursolic acid, germanicol, and lupane acetate [Figure 1].
Centella asiatica triterpene extract is effective in treating diabetic neuropathy--A pilot study.
In this sense, a solution containing betulin, a triterpene structurally related to lupeol, has been patented as an anxiolytic remedy [48].
atra displays nine intense peaks that correspond to triterpene saponins.
2 Hz) which could be attributed to H-2a and H-6a respectively in a friedelin type triterpene.