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Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.


(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj


(ˈtɜr pin)

1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Calculation methods for the computer-assisted conformational and electronic study of triterpene compounds
In the present study we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of the triterpene extract from G.
The main active principles of the anti-exudative effect and improvement of venous tone are hydroxycoumarins (aesculin and fraxin), triterpene saponins in the petioles and leaf veins, flavonoids and a rich supply of tannins.
He states that Shea Oil extract is rich in triterpene, which he claims has a variety of beneficial results.
All of the black cohosh supplements passed testing, providing at least one milligram of triterpene compounds per daily serving as recommended by the German Commission E Expanded Monographs.
The pentacyclic triterpene such as glycyrrhizin, [beta]-amyrin, erythrodiol, oleanolic acid, alphitolic acid, corosolic acid, asiatic acid, lupeol and lupeol linoleate were possessed pronounced anti-inflammatory activities (Geetha and Varalakshmi, 2001; Safayhi and Sailer, 1997; Aguirre et al.
Overexpression of squalene synthase in Eleutherococcus senticosus increases phytosterol and triterpene accumulation.
Inflammation is the target of another newly discovered component of pomegranate flowers--punicanolic acid, a member of the triterpene family of beneficial essential oil molecules.
The antiviral effect of a triterpene extract of birch bark and its major pentacyclic triterpenes, i.
Some cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides, isolated from the genus Astragalus, have exhibited antitumor, immunodepressant, antiviral, and leishmanicidal activities (Ozipek et al.
SDP-111 - A novel formulation of beta-elemene, a small molecule anticancer agent belonging to the triterpene family and currently approved in China for a variety of cancers.