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Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.


(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj


(ˈtɜr pin)

1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Betulinic acid (triterpene) has shown an immense potential towards the development of anticancer, antiviral, antimalarial, antifungal, antioxidant and antiprotozoal agents.
In our study, lupeol, a common triterpene of higher plants, was the major compound identified in the R.
The biomarkers data were obtained from gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of normal alkanes, isoprenoids, triterpene, and steranes.
A new erythrodiol triterpene fatty ester from Scorzonera mongolica.
Bu konuda yapilan calismalarda at kestanesi ozunde yer alan aescinin suda cozunurluk ve erime noktasina gore birbirinden ayirt edilen alfa ve beta olmak uzere 2 form triterpene saponin karisimindan olustugu; bunun disindaki bilesenlerin ise bioflavonoidler (quercetinve kaempferol),proanthocyanidin A2 (bir antioksidan) ve coumarinler (fraxin ve aesculin) oldugu gosterilmistir.
Mukhtar, "Lupeol, a fruit and vegetable based triterpene, induces apoptotic death of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells via inhibition of Ras signaling pathway," Carcinogenesis, vol.
roseus also contains ursolic acid (triterpene) and this compound is known to possess a wide range of more biological, anticancer [17], antimicrobial [18], hypoglycemic [19], antiprotozoal (against Plasmodium falciparum) [20], antiplatelet aggregation, anti HIV-ADIS, antimycobacterium tuberculosis, anti-inflammatory [18], and antioxidant [21] activities.
Alkaloids, triterpene, sterols, heterosids, and triterpenes are present only in the hydroethanolic extract.
3[beta]-Hydroxy-9,19-cydolanostane; CydolaudanoL As closely related to compound 2, with identical chromatographic properties, compound 3 was obtained exhibiting a tiny higher polarity than compound 2, indicating a further triterpene system.
The present study highlighted that sessile oak contained more sweet triterpenoids, whereas pedunculate oak was richer in bitter triterpene.
0leogel-S10 is a semisolid gel, containing 10% triterpene dry extract (TE) from Betulae cortex (birch bark) and refined sunflower oil (SFO) without the need for further excipients [16].
Viscum album contains a large variety of biological active compounds including mistletoe lectins (ML) [11], viscotoxins (VT) [12-14], triterpene acids [15, 16], flavonoids [17, 18], and polysaccharides [19, 20].