Trophosome


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Troph´o`some


n.1.(Zool.) The nutritive zooids of a hydroid, collectively, as distinguished from the gonosome, or reproductive zooids.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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We interpret that these findings indicate that (1) the "trophosome" does not fundamentally increase oxygen requirement compared to other gastropod holobionts, and (2) cold temperatures (10 [degrees]C) induce a stress response in Alviniconcha, resulting in aberrantly high uptake.
Singh and Roy (1988) also reported that high colchicine concentration can cause the death of plants by inducing the damage to several parts of cells making up trophosome.
Those colonies showed abnormalities (spherical forms) as a consequence of trophosome development in the plankton because chemical pollutants inhibited the larvae from attaching to the substrate.
The hydrothermal vent tubeworm Riftia pachyptila can survive at least 60 h without oxygen and degrades glycogen stored in the symbiont-containing trophosome tissue (Arndt et al.
The bacteria probably migrate through the outer parts of the body to reach a layer that transforms into their new home, an organ called a trophosome.--S.M.
The main member of these populations, Riftia, possesses a specialized organ, the trophosome, containing symbiotic sulfur bacteria.
Organization and microanatomy of the Sclerolinum contortion trophosome (Polychaeta, Siboglinidae).
and trophosome tissue of Ridgeia piscesae from the same collections were prepared and assayed in the same way.
Intracellular occurrence of e-proteobaeterial 16S rDNA sequences in the vestimentiferan trophosome. J.
In the marine polychaete family Siboglinidae, a unique symbiont-housing organ termed the trophosome has evolved.
Most obviously, in many intracellular endosymbioses specific symbiont-housing organs have developed, such as the light organ in bobtail squids, the root nodules in legumes, the bacteriomes in insects, and the trophosome in siboglinid tubeworms.