scrub typhus

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scrub typhus

n.
An acute infectious disease common in Asia that is caused by the mite-borne bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi and is characterized by sudden fever, painful swelling of the lymph nodes, and sometimes skin lesions, including an eschar at the site of infection. Also called Japanese river fever, tsutsugamushi disease.

scrub typhus

n
(Pathology) an acute febrile disease characterized by severe headache, skin rash, chills, and swelling of the lymph nodes, caused by the bite of mites infected with the microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi: occurs mainly in Asia, Australia, and the islands of the western Pacific

scrub′ ty′phus


n.
an infectious disease occurring chiefly in Japan and SE Asia, caused by the organism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by mites through biting.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scrub typhus - transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asiascrub typhus - transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
rickettsial disease, rickettsiosis - infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
References in periodicals archive ?
tsutsugamushi, the etiologic agent of scrub typhus, which is prevalent in Southeast Asia although not thought to be common in Bangkok.
To the Editor: Pulmonary involvement is a well-documented complication of scrub typhus caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi (1).
Scrub typhus is a vector-borne, acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular, gram-negative bacterium.
Peripheral blood smear showed no evidence of malaria, and antibody titer against Orientia tsutsugamushi was <1:40.
Among a panel of diagnostic PCRs, the CSF sample specimen tested positive for genus-specific 17-kDa-Rickettsia quantitative PCR, but was negative for Orientia tsutsugamushi and R.
tsutsugamushi between acute-phase (128) and convalescent-phase (512) serum samples collected 18 days apart.
In Japan, rickettsioses such as Japanese spotted fever and scrub typhus, caused by Rickettsia japonica and Orientia tsutsugamushi, respectively, occur frequently.
The bacteria responsible for scrub typhus is Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is no longer included in the genus Rickettsia, but Dr.
Survival and Growth of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Conventional Hemocultures
1] The causative organism is Orientia tsutsugamushi, a gram negative alpha proteobacterium.
According to the company, the DPP Fever Panel Assay will include a quality control and nine tests aimed at parasitic, viral and bacterial pathogens commonly responsible for fever symptoms in the Asia Pacific region, including malaria (four Plasmodium species, using pLDH and HRP2), dengue virus, Zika virus, chikungunya virus, leptospirosis, Rickettsia typhi, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and Orientia tsutsugamushi.
For instance, in the South Pacific, Oceania, and Asia trombiculid mites of the genus Leptotrombidium are known to be vectors of tsutsugamushi, also known as scrub typhus.