tumor

(redirected from Tumor cell)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Tumor cell: malignant tumor

tu·mor

 (to͞o′mər, tyo͞o′-)
n.
1. An abnormal growth of tissue resulting from uncontrolled, progressive multiplication of cells and serving no physiological function; a neoplasm.
2. A swollen part; a swelling: a plant tumor.

[Middle English tumour, from Latin tumor, from tumēre, to swell; see teuə- in Indo-European roots.]

tu′mor·al, tu′mor·ous adj.

tu•mor

(ˈtu mər, ˈtyu-)

n.
1. a swollen part; swelling; protuberance.
2. an uncontrolled, abnormal, circumscribed growth of cells in any animal or plant tissue; neoplasm.
Also, esp. Brit.,tu′mour.
[1535–45; < Latin: a swelling =tum(ēre) to swell + -or -or1]
tu′mor•ous, tu′mor•al, adj.

tu·mor

(to͞o′mər)
An abnormal growth of tissue resulting from uncontrolled growth of cells and serving no function within the body; a cancerous growth. Tumors can be benign (unlikely to spread to other body parts) or malignant (likely to spread). See Note at cancer.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tumor - an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purposetumor - an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
growth - (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)
acanthoma, skin tumor - a neoplasm originating in the epidermis
angioma - a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
blastocytoma, blastoma, embryonal carcinosarcoma - a tumor composed of immature undifferentiated cells
brain tumor, brain tumour - a tumor in the brain
carcinoid - a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
celioma - an abdominal tumor
granuloma - a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
adipose tumor, lipoma - a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
malignant neoplasm, malignant tumor, metastatic tumor - a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
meningioma - a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord; usually slow growing and sometimes malignant
neurilemoma, neurofibroma - tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
neuroma - any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
phaeochromocytoma, pheochromocytoma - a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
pinealoma - tumor of the pineal gland
plasmacytoma - neoplasm of plasma cells (usually in bone marrow)
psammoma, sand tumor - a tumor derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges or choroid plexus or certain other structures associated with the brain; characterized by sandlike particles
teratoma - a tumor consisting of a mixture of tissues not normally found at that site
Translations
nádor
svulst
kasvain
tumor
腫瘍
종양
nádor
tumor
tumör
เนื้องอก
khối u

tumor

وَرَم nádor svulst Tumor όγκος tumor kasvain tumeur tumor tumore 腫瘍 종양 tumor svulst guz tumor опухоль tumör เนื้องอก ur khối u 肿瘤

tu·mor

n. bulto o hinchazón; tumor.
crecimiento espontáneo de tejido nuevo en masa que no tiene propósito fisiológico alguno;
diffuse ______ difuso;
inflammatory ______ inflamatorio;
medullary ______ medular;
necrotic ______ necrótico;
nonsolid ______ no sólido;
radioresistant ______ radiorresistente;
radiosensitive ______ radiosensitivo;
scirrhous ______ escirroso;
undifferentiated ______ no diferenciado.

tumor

adj tumoral; n tumor m; benign — tumor benigno; brain — tumor cerebral; desmoid — tumor desmoide; malignant — tumor maligno; Wilms' — tumor de Wilms
References in periodicals archive ?
Current clinical strategies mainly aim at inducing tumor cell death, but this induction may have unintentional and unwanted side effects on surviving tumor cells.
Two theories have been developed to account for the observation that apparently not every tumor cell is a tumor initiating cell (T-IC).
By targeting this tumor protein the antibody may be developed into a product that causes tumor cell death.
Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, PA) has patented compositions containing hapten-modified tumor cells and extracts and methods of treating cancer by administering a therapeutically effective amount of a composition containing a tumor cell or tumor cell extract to a subject in need of such treatment.
Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD) has patented a method of treating cancer comprising (a) obtaining a tumor cell line, (b) modifying the tumor cell line to render it capable of producing an increased level of a cytokine relative to the unmodified tumor cell line, and (c) administering the tumor cell line to a mammalian host having at least one tumor that is the same type of tumor as that from which the tumor cell line was obtained, wherein the tumor cell line is allogeneic and is not MHC-matched to the host.
Jerry Shay and collaborators at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School demonstrated that GRN163L induces altered tumor cell adhesion in animal models of lung cancer and that it may have additional benefit in the prevention of metastasis.
A position is available for a highly motivated individual to join a research group interested in characterizing molecular mechanisms of cell adhesion and migration focusing on the regulation of integrin receptors, adhesion-mediated signal transduction, and mechanisms of tumor cell migration, invasion, and metastasis.
In a series of laboratory experiments, the investigators observed that Jagged1 on a tumor cell binds to molecules called Notch receptors on adjacent blood vessel-lining, or endothelial, cells.
With longer term treatment, GRN163L caused telomere shortening, slowing of tumor cell growth rates, and a dramatic reduction in the ability of the cells to "re-seed" or form colonies of tumor cells in culture dishes.
However, once inside the tumor cell, the unaltered virus wouldn't reproduce, and the cell would remain alive.
Tumor response and blood levels of LP-261 will be assessed, and biomarkers of tubulin function, tumor cell division, and angiogenesis will be monitored.